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Lecture 4

Classical Studies 2440A/B Lecture 4: 2440 lecture 4

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Classical Studies
Course Code
Classical Studies 2440A/B

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Philips rise to supreme power in Greece Various areas add around centre Macedonia Macedonia was flat land, areas around it were mountain like areas 324 bce alexander speech -> rom page 159, 57-59 Aerean whos considered the most reliable speech to text converters The rise of Macedonia Under Philip II (image) When Philip became ruler of Macedonia it was in 360 bce, he became king formally but doesn’t know when and he was about 23 yrs old at the time. At this time Macedonia was regarded in Greece as a backward kind of place and was not very important. Was looked down by members of Greece. Philip inherited a situation that was distinctially awkward. It seemed that when he came to power he wiuldnt last. Macedonia was weak and torn apart inernally. 5 other people ready to contest Philips supremacy. 3 half brothers and 2 other members of the royal family. Archaus and was favoured by Athens. Philips had skill to consolidate his position which should of warned people. Archaus would have been an Athenian puppet and promised to give back their long lost colony of amphypulus. Mt. pangaeus was a source of precious metals. Building an army, needs wages and gets them from the large gold and silver mine. Philips had invasions from paeonia and other cities. Philips bought off his foes from alyria and paeonia and cancelled archeus influence from Athenians by saying he would do what his brother would do. He asked Athenians for treat of an alliance and then made a formal pact. He turned on his neighbours and turned on the paeonias and smashed the illyrians. Occupied the first 2 years 360-358 bce and can see his basic methods of operation – contented himself with 1 objective at a time and never took on more than he can manage. If multiple opponents threatened him he found ways to suspend all difficulties but one. He was able to do this because all the people he came into contact with were disunited and it factored in his favour because he meant that he could deal with them on a personal basis Considerable revolution in thought to be able to win through pure influence. Athenians made their allies loyal by making them afraid of possible punishments Unoia -> good will You could by doing good by potential allies and win people over to get them on your side Aesochrates -> born in 436 bce and died in 338 bce, he was apparently crazy -> gave a clear exposition about the idea of unoya -> If you please people they will judge actions not by what is going on but in how it is favourable to you -> if you fail on something your failure will be overlooked, success praised to the heavens -> unoia policy Philips systemically and sinisterly used in his early days of power Philips -> pretending (to claim something) favour for Athenians and knocks them off systematically, particularly ones near Macedonia -> in 353 took methone In 353 in methone he lost his eye In 352 he was master of
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