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October 3 2013.docx

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Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 2700A/B
Les Murison

October 3 2013 The grid system has mitigating factors – Greek cities were small by our standards, and placing thing within the gridiron framework was sufficiently varied and the topography varied that, monotony was avoided. -There was a famous figure in Greek town panning Hippodamus which means trailer of horses – born around 500BC, and may have developed ideas of redeveloping his hometown in 479BC. He wanted to rebuild Miletus (his home town) because Persian sacked the place in 494BC. He planned the developed the port city of Piraeus in Athens (may have founded other cities in Greece). We didn’t know a lot about him but we knew his ideas were influential. -in 479BC the Athenians came back to their sacked city of Miletus (like it was before more or less). The rebuilding was done in two stages and the central area (market place, political building and gymnasium) was originally at the south end of the town and then it was moved it to the central. The master plan was built for long term development. Olynthus was built very similarly. th -in Priene (opposite of Miletus) it was re-founded in middle of 4 century and long east west streets and the north south street were shorter and steeper (it was on a hill) and the place was surrounded by the wall. In the town plans there is a balance. Theatres were fan shaped (which was at the top of the hill) and the gymnasium and stadium were at the bottom (they counter balanced themselves in a way). To us Priene was small (4,000 inhabitants). In greece there were very few cities as big as Athens. Most were like Priene. Streets were still narrow 4, 5 or 6 metres narrow. -the idea of two main streets intersecting is from the grid iron plan (hard packed dirt still, special roads were paved and places with a lot of rainfall were paved so they wouldn’t wash out). Roads were often inadequate. The Romans fixed this inadequate road system by adding sidewalks. Walls were often draped around a city and grid and the main goal for a wall was for good a defensive live – therefore the wall was independent of the gridiron and the gate entrance was not for street convenience but for wall point of view. ROMAN PLANNING -Rome was like an Athens in planning. Later on there were planned developments in the centre there weren’t systematic and no patterns. The romans like the greeks built colonies and standardized surveying. There ideas for town planning came from greeks in southern Italy, the Etruscan’s (using brick) and then their own military tradition. They built forts in standardized patterns from early on. There were qurdters in the building. Walls and defences – romans b
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