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October 8 2013.docx

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Classical Studies
Classical Studies 2700A/B
Les Murison

October 8 2013 -flutes were put on columns after they were erected -when columns came in they were never perfectly circular, it was afterwards that they were adjusted and perfected -roofing was done easily – wooden beam put across wood was put across and tiles were put on top/above the beams (post and lintel) – stone covered exterior and interior was wood -process of cutting out squares – coffering ROMAN CONSTRUCTION -400-300 BC – greek architecture is about Parthenon, temples, theatre, acropolis, colonnades (other things were very simple) – they were concerned with externals of buildings (inside these buildings were dim and poorly lit. Inside Parthenon there was a statue of Athena) – outdoor temples there was a sacrifice alter was outside -after decline of greek city state (conquest of Alexander) individually, individual people counted less and less politically and what arose was individualistic personal philosophies (they believed they were in a hostile universe) – Changed from idea of politics to personal happiness – How do I achieve happiness? Aristotle said human beings are political animals. Also personal religions were on the rise (not really sacrifices to god anymore but a group of missionaries) ROMANS were concerned with interiors and this was first seen in the Pantheon (first major monument composed entirely as an interior) – this all began in AD 125 -another major distinction between greek and roman architecture was that romans had a great range of architecture and the actual size of the roman empire – this vast empire allowed for a number of variations in different areas -roman temples were similar to greek temple (columns were built into structure of buildings a difference) -Julius Caesar started building complex in 44BC and it was restored more than 3 centuries later and it was completely covered in stucco – interesting to note that the entire building was made of brick then covered by stucco -basilicas – legal establishments and law courts were developed (Very big) -another similar thing was bathing houses (was like public resort) and were like a basilica in a way based on the architecture HOUSES -rome was walkable (no public transit) and there were about 300 private dwellings -Walls became interesting – we have brick facing concrete (marble used for decoration interior) October 8 2013 -amphitheatre (two Greek theatres put them
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