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October 10 2013.docx

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Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 2700A/B
Les Murison

October 10 2013 -Mining in Middle Ages – a lot of metal – nails, pipes, clamps and decorative features (most were made with bronze) -Middle Ages bronze was found very easily (people picked apart coliseum to get bronze) -terracotta (cooked earth/baked earth) – cooked clay (roof tiles and pipes also eaves trough) -Stucco – lime based plaster (as opposed to gypsum based plaster) -difference – gypsum is very powdery, chalk like. Stucco is very hard and is more of a protective coating for exteriors and decorative for interior -romans produced columns more cheaper columns then Greeks…they made curved bricks, stacked them, then coated them with stucco on the outside (cannot flute) -most roman buildings have lost their stucco finishes INTERIORS -there are various examples of stucco painted red (Pompeii – volcano, there was all ash but no lava) -marble – more decorative in Rome (tiles and slabs), and it was more decorative and different styles of marble -more common was wall paintings – in Naples paintings were modern -Nero Golden House of Rome – never completely finished and Nero died in (68 CE) – the house is very refined and very modest (subject to water damage) – it was a villa – amazing Fresco -the most famous mosaic is Alexander the Great and King Darius (painting of vengeance) – we have greens, reds, maroons and whites in mosaics -largest temple romans ever built – Bacchus (It is in Lebanon in Baalbek) – built around 300AD and had pocket baths and was almost a resort – 553 Michael Angelo converted it into a catholic church WATER SUPPLY -aqueduct – “meaning water out” -Romans could transport water further than any other civilization in the world (they were artists in this way) -Aqueducts arose from irrigation crops/ditches and they were in villages and towns in the Near- Middle East (Mesopotamia) -reservoirs and pipes were seen during King Solomon (also tunnels) October 10 2013 -Knossos in Crete – in the palace there was an elaborate arrangement of water systems - three separate liquid management systems, one for supply, one for drainage of runoff, and one for drainage of waste water – there were toilets (First flushing toilet – maybe an exaggeration…the water had taps that drained into basis, first for drinking purpose, then cooking, then washing humans then finally carrying away human waste) -in Palace of Knossos there were two kinds of decoration – early Minoan and Mycenaean -pipes were of two kinds – one had curves, lugs and loops on the outside. And they were bound together were tight cork. The better way was to have plungers, necks (sleeve and cap basically) -problem with roman pipes – there was a lot lime surrounding pipes -getting hot drinks in Rome was dangerous – lead glazed pipes (Around time of Principate Augustus – male
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