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Lecture 2

Classical Studies 2800A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Lawn Mower, Tigger


Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CS 2800A/B
Professor
David Lamari
Lecture
2

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Lesson 2- Verbs
EXCERCISES FOR LESSON 1
A place for bodies: Corporarium
Characteristic of a bear: ursine
A quality characterized by acting like a citizen: civility
VERBS
Just as ous ad adjeties a sith oles, a etyologial e ay e used as a noun or an
adjective
o They confused me. (verb)
o The confused professor fainted. (adjective)
o The child was sleeping. (part of a verb phrase)
o The sleeping child woke up. (adjective)
o Sleeping is my favorite thing to do. (noun)
PRINCIPLE PARTS
The forms of a verb from which all other inflected forms can be derived
Verb stems are more common than adjective ones
Cedere, cessus ced-, cess- go, (went, gone)
o The ones in brackets are not shown in the textbook, but just know that the original verb can
take on different tenses
PRESENT PARTICIPLE
A special kind of adjective formed from a verb, one that acts like a verb, but is an adjective
The atie Eglish peset patiiple is foed y addig -ig to a e
o a talking dog
o a riding lawnmower
LATIN PRESENT PARTICIPLE SUFFIX: -NT (-ANT/-ENT)
Added to the first verb entry
o ced-, cess-: precedent
o curr-, curs-: current
Meaig: -ig
o ee though it ofte esults i a oete ou i Eglish soethig o soeoe ho
o Expectant (expecting), dormant (sleeping), current (running), president (presiding)
o The likig oel is isigifiat: dependent (adj) vs dependant (n. someone who is
dependent on someone)
LATIN ABSTR. NOUN-FORMING SUFFIX: -CE/-CY
Added to the suffix nt; turns present participle ito a astat ou At of; state of; uality
of
Patient + -ce = patience; current + -cy = currency
Ancience
Analysis of currency
o curr- < L. to run
o -en- < L. ing
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