Invasion of the celts - the language of england: english language is not native to england - sometime in the rst millennium b. c. , celts invaded. England and spoke celtic: language broke into gaelic (ireland and scotland) and britannic celtic (wales, fifth century a. d. , britannic celts from wales returned to northwestern france (now called brittany) and speak breton. Usually only the third person singular retains in ection (the letter -s: ex. I run, you run, he/she runs: had two numbers: singular and plural, three genders: feminine, masculine, neuter, four cases: nominative, genitive, dative and accusitive. The renaissance: cancer (canker) cancer, dignitas (dainty) dignity, potio (drink) poison or potion, scientific and learned vocabulary (neologisms) radius, veracity, tergiversation independence > in-de-pend-ence. Borrowed words: borrowed words: from arabic, we get zero and alcohol, from inuit we get kayak and igloo, from german we get kindergarten and sauerkraut and have taken kimono and vodka from.