Classical Studies 2800A/B Lecture Notes - Demagogue, Dyslexia, Pediatrics
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Agon-: struggle, contest
• agony - the result of or the act of a struggle
• agonistic - etymological term, one who believes in contests
-Agog < G ag- (cf. L ag-): to lead
• this can also mean a leader (similar to how the textbook describes -scop- "to
observe", but this can also mean observer)
• demagogue (A2)
• pedagogue (A1)
Note: study men, mnemon and mnest (ball)
Lec-, Lex- [log-]: to choose, to speak
• cf. L. leg-
• dyslexia - the condition of writing badly (dys - means badly)
Pus-, pod- (cf. L ped- meaning feet) vs. ped- (child)
• pediatrics (A23)
• podiatrist (A24)
• orthopedic - has undergone a generalization of meaning from straightening out
children to straightening out everyone
• English has this habit of putting an -s on the end of ic and making the word a
• bear, bear, bore, boar - these words are not related, some people just think they
are, be aware of this. Almost every pun is based on bad etymology.
• Why are fish so smart? Because they swim in schools. This is an example of bad
• Policy, school
• "I'm outraged, I'm outside myself with rage", another example of bad etymology.
• Niggardly - means cheap, however some people thing it is associated with the
• A word analysis in which a word is restructured, either consciously or
unconsciously, into identifiable parts that do not reflect a word's true history.
• Sovereign, surround (means to wave over your enemy, from - und or wave).
English did not know where this word came from and changed it into something
• female (herstory, womyn, wombman)
• Outrage - is not a folk etymology. -age means having to do with and outr- is
something that has to do with being so out there
• Cockroach - tried to turn this into something recognizable, this came from the
Spanish word for cockroach
• Bride-groom - it was originally a bride-guma (male person getting married).
Eventually the women just became a bride and English thought it must be bride-
groom (groom means to assist someone).