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Lecture 12

Classical Studies 2800A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Greek Numerals, Demagogue, Ternary Numeral System

Classical Studies
Course Code
CS 2800A/B
David Lamari

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Pedagogue and Demagogue
English words ending in -agogue are borrowed from Greek nouns in -agogos, a
noun meaning "guide or leader"
Paidagogos was a slave that escorted children to and from school and now
pedagogue means any teacher, especially one that is very formal
Pedagogy means the practice of teaching
Demagogue was borrowed from Greek demagogos meaning "leader of the
people". Now it refers to someone who takes advantage of popular prejudices in
an attempt to put himself or herself at the head of the movement, for the purpose
of gaining personal power.
Synagogue is borrowed from Greek "synagoge" which means a meeting place
Recently, -agogue has been used in medicine to coin terms that are names of
agents that expel substances from the body or promote the flow of liquid
ex. lithagogue is "an agent that expels stones"
ex. hemagogue "an agent that promotes the flow of blood"
Prologue and Epilogue
English nouns from -logue are derived from Greek nouns ending in -logos, "word"
Prologue is an opening speech and an epilogue is a speech at closing
The Metric System Revisited
When the metric system was adopted in France, it was decided that Greek
numerals would indicate multiples and that Latin numerals would indicate
fractions of units
Dekameter, hectometer and kilometer represent multiples and decimeter,
centimeter and millimeter represent fractions
Hexameter Poetry
Ancient Greek poetry was written in lines called metric feet. A foot was a
combination of long and short syllables and could have two, three or four
Line of poetry that has two feet is called a dimeter, three feet called a trimeter
and four feet was called a tetrameter.
One of the most common types of meter for poetry was the dactylic hexameter -
the meter of epic poetry. Homer's Iliad and Odyssey were written in this as well
as Aeneid
It had six metrical feet. The dactyl had three syllables, one long followed by two
Greek Tragedy
Thespis was the protagonist or "the first actor". From him, we have thespian.
In it's early forms, it only had "chorus", that sang stories telling of exploits of the
Hypocrite had the stem crit- meaning "judge or decide"
The third actor had the stem trit- from the ordinal number "third".
Theatres had an area for the chorus called the orchestra. This is also where we
get our word scene because the back of the theatres were enclosed by a tent.
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