Classical Studies 2800A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Greek Numerals, Demagogue, Ternary Numeral System
Course CodeCS 2800A/B
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Pedagogue and Demagogue
• English words ending in -agogue are borrowed from Greek nouns in -agogos, a
noun meaning "guide or leader"
• Paidagogos was a slave that escorted children to and from school and now
pedagogue means any teacher, especially one that is very formal
• Pedagogy means the practice of teaching
• Demagogue was borrowed from Greek demagogos meaning "leader of the
people". Now it refers to someone who takes advantage of popular prejudices in
an attempt to put himself or herself at the head of the movement, for the purpose
of gaining personal power.
• Synagogue is borrowed from Greek "synagoge" which means a meeting place
• Recently, -agogue has been used in medicine to coin terms that are names of
agents that expel substances from the body or promote the flow of liquid
◦ex. lithagogue is "an agent that expels stones"
◦ex. hemagogue "an agent that promotes the flow of blood"
Prologue and Epilogue
• English nouns from -logue are derived from Greek nouns ending in -logos, "word"
• Prologue is an opening speech and an epilogue is a speech at closing
The Metric System Revisited
• When the metric system was adopted in France, it was decided that Greek
numerals would indicate multiples and that Latin numerals would indicate
fractions of units
• Dekameter, hectometer and kilometer represent multiples and decimeter,
centimeter and millimeter represent fractions
• Ancient Greek poetry was written in lines called metric feet. A foot was a
combination of long and short syllables and could have two, three or four
• Line of poetry that has two feet is called a dimeter, three feet called a trimeter
and four feet was called a tetrameter.
• One of the most common types of meter for poetry was the dactylic hexameter -
the meter of epic poetry. Homer's Iliad and Odyssey were written in this as well
• It had six metrical feet. The dactyl had three syllables, one long followed by two
• Thespis was the protagonist or "the first actor". From him, we have thespian.
• In it's early forms, it only had "chorus", that sang stories telling of exploits of the
• Hypocrite had the stem crit- meaning "judge or decide"
• The third actor had the stem trit- from the ordinal number "third".
• Theatres had an area for the chorus called the orchestra. This is also where we
get our word scene because the back of the theatres were enclosed by a tent.
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