Class Notes (807,242)
Canada (492,664)

Classics Notes

2 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 2900
Beate Gundert

Classics Notes – Mar. 6/12 - Rome conquered different places and they enslaved people who were knowledgeable in medicine. So th some Greek physicians were brought to Rome as slaves. Roman history starts in 8 c. BC (753 BC). Latini people were a tribe living in this area, and Latin language formed from them. As they expanded over Italy they met different people, such as the Etruscans, Greeks. They came into conflict with Carthage, a city in Egypt. They also won a battle against Macedonia – this was the end of the Hellenistic age and the beginning of Roman domination. The Romans dominated the eastern and western parts of the Mediterranean. Romans were practical and were involved in trades. They were interested in Greek things like science. They were educated. They translated a lot of Greek literature into Latin, but they also viewed the Greek culture as luxurious. Pietas is a feeling of obligation or loyalty towards ones ancestry, gods, parents, also socially superior to socially inferior. Fides. They were filhellenics – they had ambivalence towards things Greek and were also traditionalists. Aspects of Roman medicine: 1. Sanitary regulations – There was a lot of malaria and they knew that it had something to do with stagnant water, so they created a drainage and sewage system. They created a cloaca maxima, which is a large drain. It is built of stone and is underneath the city. It collects water and drains it into the Tiber. They also built baths, which served hygienic and social needs. In the 1 c. AD they created hospitals because it was important to keep the slaves (people working for them) healthy. 2. Religious medicine – Pietas, an obligation towards gods, was important to Romans. Different aspects of human life were under the control of gods, such as fertility and health. Minerva was the goddess of medicine in Rome, just as Apollo was the god of medicine in Greece. 3. Folk and lay medicine – This is medicine that was practiced by the head of a household, called the pater familias. He was responsible for the health of his immediate family, as well as his livestock. This was not Greek scientific medicine, but it was practical, using remedies (herbs, plants, foods) from around the home. This was cheap and everybody had access to it. The Roman way of keeping healthy was through a simple lifestyle involving exercise (keep body strong) so that they would not be in need of more complex Greek medications. This was the view of people in the 1 c. AD when life was indulgent. 4. Greek scientific medicine (211) - Nature provides everything that is needed to keep healthy. Our daily food should be our medicine. This is a general Roman theme. They believed that complex medications with lots of ingredients were potentially
More Less

Related notes for Classical Studies 2900

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.