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Byzantine Medicine - Lecture 24.doc

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Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 2900
Beate Gundert

Byzantine Medicine (6/7 c A.D.) 1. Alexandrian Phase • Oribasius 325-400 • Excerpt of Galen, Medical collection, synopsis, euporsita 2. Aetios of Amida • Alexander of Tralles • Paulus of Aegina (642 conquest of Alexandra Euporiston Valetidinarium - hositel (Latin: hospitale) Uroscopy This is the first phase of Byzantine medicine where the first school of Alexandria still ex- ists and most physicians are educated in Alexandria. There are three physicians that are important. THe first two come from Asia minor (Ami- da) and Aetios also studied in Alexandria and was a physician to the emperor Justinian in Constantinople. He wrote four books in an alphabetical arrangement - he is really also Galenic because his books are based on Galen and also on Soranus and also on the summaries of Orib- asius also goes back to the original works of Soranus. Discusses according to age. The last book is of obgyn and is based on Soranus. The combination of Galenic and humoral pathology and of Soranus methondist ideas. Aetios also includes some magic in his books because he thinks that if patients demand this one should not withhold it from him. He tells us that the magnet is good for gout. He actually uses magic to take out a fishbone that gets stuck in the throat. With these sort of incantations, the bone is supposed to react. On bones that are swallowed and get stuck in the throat. If something gets stuck in the throat he recommends that the patient swallows a pieced of sponge that is doused in turpentine. In these books since they are based on ancient authors Alexander of Tralles - Alexander also came from Asia minor but we don't know where he was educated travelled widely and settled in Rome and practiced medicine there. He wrote 11 books on pathology and therapy of internal diseases. and are arranged cap item ad calm. He is careful in his diagnosis which is based on secretions. Narrows down what kind of secretions he bases diagnoses to urine. Becomes an important diagnostic sign. Taste, colour, consistency (Hippocratic). Galen says urine is a byproduct of blood formation in the liver and coul
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