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Class Notes for Communication Sciences and Disorders at Western University

Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Cleft Lip And Cleft Palate, Soft Palate, Deficit Spending

Cleft Lip and Palate What is a cleft? Cleft Abnormal opening in anatomical structure Due to disruption in prenatal development (embryonic stage) Tissue doesnt fuse together like it should Cleft lip andor palate Craniofacia...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Esophagus, Nasal Cavity, Dysphagia

Dysphagia Deglutition Neuromuscular act of moving substance from mouth into throat Normal swallow Patterned motor response Highly stereotyped motor behavior Why do we swallow? 1. Maintenance Remove natural build up of sali...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Speech Disfluency, Prolongation, Cluttering

Fluency Disorders (Dis)fluency Fluency Effortless flow of speech 1. Rate of speech 2. Pauses in speech 3. Stress of syllableswords 4. Inflectionintonation of utterances Disfluency Disruption or breakdown in flow of speech ...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: List Of Voice Disorders, Communication Disorder, Hyperfunction

Introduction to Voice Disorder Professor Doyle Speech as abnormal when it deviates so far from the speech of other people that it calls attention to itself, interferes with communication or caused the speaker or his listen...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Word Formation, Morpheme, English Dogs

Child Language Disorders Language Expression of human communication through which information can be experienced, explained, and shared. Seen through observation Set of spoken, written or signed words Communication precede...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Specific Language Impairment, Late Bloomer, Language Processing In The Brain

Child Language Disorders Preintentional Stage: Who needs help? 1. Infant identified at birth as high risk for language impairment Prenatal problems, premature birth, congential disorders, downs syndrome 2. Infant identifie...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Pseudobulbar Affect, Muteness, Hypotonia

SLP intervention for children after brain tumor treatment Sarah Bogner Posterior fossa of brain is where tumor are found that she saw o By brainstem and cerebellum o Dysarthia, affecting ability to coordinate oral motor mo...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Esophagus, Aspiration Pneumonia, Dysphagia

LECTURE 16 DYSPHAGIA DEGLUTITION Neuromuscular act of moving substance from mouth into throat Highly stereotyped motor behaviour Why do we swallow? 1. Maintenance ...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Glottal Stop, Vocal Folds, Vocal Resonation

LECTURE 12 VOICE DISORDERS ANATOMYPHYSIOLOGY REVIEW VoicingPhonation Voicing 1. Arytenoids rotate to midline o One cycle of phonation vocal folds open and close Laryngeal adductor muscles o Repeated cycles of phonation pro...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Auditory Cortex, Central Nervous System, Central Sulcus

LECTURE 13 NEUROGENIC COMMUNICATION DISORDERS NERVOUS SYSTEM ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY A. CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM o Brain and Spinal cord B. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM o Nerves that connect body to brain and spinal cord CENTRAL...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Motor Speech Disorders, Substantia Nigra, Basal Ganglia

LECTURE 14 NEUROGENIC COMMUNICATION DISORDERS II NEUROGENIC COMMUNICATION DISORDERS Usually brain-based, acquired disorder 1. Acquiredmotor speech disorders 2. Acquired language disorders 3. Cognitive-communication disorde...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Dysarthria, Apraxia, Language Testing

LECTURE 15 NEUROGENIC COMMUNICATION DISORDERS III NEUROGENIC COMMUNICATION DISORDERS Review 1. Acquiredmotor speech disorders o Dysarthria (5 pure types + 1 mixed), Apraxia 2. Acquired language disorders o Aphasia (2 types...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Etiology, Hypoplasia, Delayed Auditory Feedback

LECTURE 10 FLUENCY DISORDERS (DIS)FLUENCY FLUENCY effortless flow of speech o Normal rate of speech o Normal pauses in speech o Stress of syllableswords o Inflectionintonation of utterances DISFLUENCY disruption or breakdo...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture 7: LEC7+8 NOTES

LECTURE 7 CHILD LANGUAGE DISORDERS LANGUAGE Expression of human communication through which information can be experienced, explained, and shared FORM 1) Phonology o Study of sound system of languages Phonemes unit of soun...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B Lecture 9: LEC9 NOTES

LECTURE 9 SPEECH SOUND DISORDERS IN CHILDREN SPEECH SOUNDS PHONEME o Spoken sound of a language o Changing the phoneme can contribute to changing meaning, but phonemes alone have NO...

Communication Sciences and Disorders
Communication Sciences and Disorders 4411A/B
Ivan Culum
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Business Communication, Human Communication, Jargon

Communication Success 2 Communication Success 3 permacharts TM ...

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