Comparative Literature 2nd term.docx

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Comparative Literature and Culture
Course Code
Comparative Literature and Culture 1020
Laurence De Looze

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ndComparative Literature 2 termthBaroque 17 CenturyConsidered 16001675Extraordinary period for literature music operasFavours grand works that a lasting impressions Questionable wether spain had a period of renaissance ththSiglo de oro the century of gold the 16 and 17 century in Spain Spain conquered the new world in Bolivia mining lots of silver and gold and both the richest and poorest country due to the wareffort quite literally a period of goldAlso a golden period culturally associated with humanism Charles V was a great humanist leader and an ideal renaissance manCervante is the most famous during this period beginning of baroque period Don Quixote is call the first modern and realistic novelNovels before are romances such as Amadis of GaulLazarillo de Tormes about a low born fellow who survives by using his wits picaresque novelDon Quixote is about a man trying to live a chivalric romance in the real world o Part of notion of the real world is conditioned by the literature o Sense of reality is conditioned by literature all of us see the world partly in literary terms Important Dates that prepare for Baroque World1492 New World macro world 1543 Copernicus dies new world view15451563 Council of Trent launches CounterReformation to combat Protestant Reform movement a program art that would not appeal intellectually but stay visually and one in the catholic faithInvention of microscope a whole new world not seen suggests the world we see is not reality there is much more than meets the eyeOpera designed to be hugely theatrical the world is a stage we play parts in this part of world a theme that comes up again and again1588 Spanish Armada defeated by England descend of Spanish power ushering a golden age for England Mimesis art that imitates the real worldDon Quixote is a book about imitating books metafictionBook about the question of what the writing is it is a novel about previous literature a parody of chivalry romances not a parody of writing style but of character where Don Quixote tries to live his life in a chivalry mannerFirst decides of write a chivalry but instead a frustrated writer that decides to turn his life into a chivalry romance and art in Castiloglines term Don Quixote would be a bad artistMetafiction literature about literatureDon Quixote represents the imaginary aspect Sancho Pasta represents the realistic Don Quixote looks for adventure Sancho Pasta looks for wealth and powerIn Romances adventures come to knights that are worthyWhat the world needed the most is knight errand and chivalry some kind of greater questNot a world of just Sancho PastaThe metafiction is pushed up another notch as Cervante claims to be dialoging with a book already written about Don Quixote in Arabic o Don Quixote then goes out to live up to his reputation in the first book he and Sancho Pasta talks about the first book gets to see himself as a text o Don Quixote becomes more and more realistic Sancho becomes more and more accepting of the fantasy a reversal of roles o Second part of much more part of selfdiscovery at the end Don Quixote comes back again and beaten decides that he will stops to live on his fantasy instead tries to become shepherds take on new names Don Quixote gives a fever at the very end that kills him before he dies he realises that he hasnt lived in the real world he says he is cured now Sancho then disappointed and wants Don Quixote to live on his idealistic fiction we need people that lives within the ideal1605 DQ idealistic SP realistic 1615 ends with reversal1605 DQs relationship to other people society 1615 relationship to selfself discovery1605 DQ a foolish misguided imitator of chivalry 1615 progress of humility selfundeertanding and selfknowledge implied by the chivalry code 20110112 Baroque Art IIn some way baroque is the catholic church reaction to the movement of protestantsAn artistic program not an intellectual approach rather to move one visually to capture the heart of followers an emotional approach arts are sensationalHowever the protestants also approached the baroque movementsBaroque music continues on well into the 1800s unlike baroque art lasting 16001675Pergolesi composer of beautiful moving musicCaravaggioGreat Italian painter controversial at beginning of 1600Partly due to how he painted his life constantly in brawl killed a man and escapes lawHis paintings described as the death of paintingsInvented chiaroscuro paintings with sharp contrast between bright and dark area of painting o Produces a very dramatic effect go against the renaissance and mannerism of even light and harmony a shock to the esthetique of the time Caravaggio The Madonna of Loreto c 1604Eye levels of audience are at the level of peasantsAudience are made into those that experience miracleA Z construction breaking balance
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