Economics 1021A/B Lecture Notes - Deadweight Loss, Export Subsidy, Import Quota

20 views5 pages
24 Apr 2012
Department
Nicole Wallenburg
Economics
Mr. Parkin
Oct 26, 2011
Economics Lecture #12
International Trade Restrictions
Governments intervene in international trade to protect domestic producers from
competition.
Governments use four sets of tools:
Tariffs
o A tax on a good that is imposed by the importing country when an
imported good crosses its international boundary.
o Effects
Raises the price, more is supplied, less is imported
o Winners, Losers, an Social Loss from a Tariff
Canadian consumers lose because higher price and smaller
quantity bought
Canadian producers gain because they can sell them at a higher
price so they produce more
Canadian consumers lose more than Canadian producers gain
Society loses: a deadweight loss arises.
o Society Loses: A Deadweight Loss
Some of the loss of consumer surplus is transferred to producers
and some is transferred to the government as tariff revenue.
But the increase in production costs and the loss from decreased
imports is a social loss.
No Tariff Tariff
o
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Nicole Wallenburg
Economics
Mr. Parkin
Oct 26, 2011
No Tariff Tariff CS shrinks PS expands
o
Import quotas
o A restriction that limits the maximum quantity of a good that may be
imported in a given period.
Ex: food products such as meat, eggs, and dairy products and
manufactures such as steel
o Effects:
Raises the price, quantity supplied increases, imports decrease
o Winners, Losers, and Social Loss from an Import Quota
Canadian consumers lose because price rises
Canadian producers of gain because they get to produce more at a
higher price
Importers of T-shirts gain
Society loses: a deadweight loss arises
No Import Quota Import Quota
o
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.