Fairy Tales 9/13/2012 4:04:00 PM
What meanings do we associate with “child”, “children” and “childhood”
lack of responsibility
selfish their word is very small and it focus’ on themselves often
Different perception of children today from the past
- village to raise a child vs. only parents
- higher academic expectations vs. learning as you grow
- strangers dangers vs. danger in every stranger
- technology raising children
What is children’s literature? What should it do? Why? What is its purpose?
literature in the past has been to scare the children into learning a lesson
today, it teaches a lesson in a fun learning experience
- books today are to entertain and get imaginative juices flowing
- as opposed to regular literature, children’s literature is protective and
directed in a moderate, reflective but “fluffy” manner
- teaching genders roles and consumerism you like a character so you
want to be like that character, buying merchandise associated with the
- the idea that children are born with the original sin, slightly corrupted
- as a result of this, puritans thought that children wanted to resist
authority, to disobey and not want to go to church
- thought that children needed to be taught to overcome these bad habits
- thought of children as smaller adults entire social life was created
around the church - children were more susceptible to disease needed to be prepared for
- in the childrens literature, it was constantly didactic, which usually have a
very upfront and abrasive moral to the story
- everything had to have a practical purpose, everything had to have a job
- the literature was aimed at making the wild children self controlled and
John Locke believed that children came into the world as a blank slate.
Children are not sinful, but they are impressionable. Began not knowing
anything about the world, an empty vessel, who needed to be filled with
knowledge and experience.
started to bring in the idea that children can be nurtured to be good
people and by being around positive ideas.
** children are a blank slate, not good, not bad. Just need to be taught **
Jean-Jacque Rousseau children were inherently innocent. Believed that if
children were bad, it was because society was corrupt. Become corrupt by a
bad upbringing and society.
** children and inherently good and are made bad by society **
William Wordswarth greatly influenced by Rousseau during the Romantic
period – believed that children were almost closer to god than adults.
these ideals have a huge influence on how literature for children is written
Sigmund Freud believed children has sexual feelings that they cant
control. (Id, Ego and Super Ego). Pointed out the natural drives that every
person has. Oedipus Complex- ev