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Lecture

English 1022E Lecture Notes - Anton Chekhov


Department
English
Course Code
English 1022E
Professor
David Bentley

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Ladder
L
Novel
N
Novella
N
Short
Story
S
Sketch
S
A
necdote
n
Tuesday, September 14 2010
English 1022
-As you go up the ‘Ladder’ :
-Plots become more in depth
-Characters become so well rounded you feel like you know them
-Settings become much more complicated and detailed
-The Climactic moment becomes much more complicated and
makes you think
-Basically the longer the work, the more room there is to go in
depth
-A Novel is the most complex of all (and therefore longest) and an
Anecdote or Joke is much simpler (and therefore shortest)
Hero > Protagonist > Central Consciousness = same thing
Jokes
-Are very fast, short and simple - bottom of the ladder
-Quick introduction to central character “A guy walked into a bar...” is all you need
-Avoid getting too creative “So there was this Newfie” this is expected, sounds like you’re going
to tell a joke. “Once Upon a Time there was a Newfie” is implying that you’re going to be telling a
fairytale
-Characters in jokes aren’t well rounded (You don’t need to know what colour hair the main
character has, it isn’t necessary)
-Setting is mentioned but again, not in very much depth. “A guy walked into a bar” is all you
need to know
-Jokes shouldn’t be more than 2-3 minutes or people will lose interest.
Short Stories
-Edgar Allen Poe defined them in the 1800’s as a work that shouldn’t require more than one
sitting to read
-Every detail has to contribute to the effect that the short story gives, therefore they need to be
read really carefully
-What contributed to the rise of the short story?
-Rise of Industrialization
-People were expected to work more and get paid less; they were exhausted.
-Short stories gave people the entertainment they needed in a small amount of time,
because time to read novels was lacking
-Short stories maximized emotional bang-for-your-buck
-Horror stories and Detective stories popular during this time
-Every detail of a short story is carefully chosen
-Detail + Significance = Short story (everything has meaning)
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