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English 1022 Lecture on "The Tempest"

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English 1022E
David Bentley

english lecture “the tempest” january 6, 2011 * ** * * * * * * * On the Board: Masque Exposition Soliloquy magnum opus (great work) Prospero’s ‘project’ 1. Lovers 2. Court Party 3. Low Comedy Group Picodella Miranda Oration on the Dignity of Man Boethius, Consolation of Philosophy Fortune’s Wheel (Wheel moving clockwise, man lying on top?) Iris Venus and Cupid Ceres Juno Spring Winter Summer Fall * * * ** * * * * ** Test Next Thursday - 2 Parts, 25 minutes each - 10 Literary Terms, pick 5 and write about them (Christian Humanism, Petrarchan Sonnet) - 10 Quotations/Characters/Features (“Beauty is Truth, Truth Beauty”) - Portion Time Carefully Tempest - Prospero - At the literal level, Prospero is the Duke of Milan. Huge Italian infuence on the Renaissance during this time. caricature, conversation, balcony - all derived from Italian and had Italian pronunciations - Lots of words to do with architecture and cooking in the Shakespearean time. - Island resembles Bermuda except for one difference. This island is not in the Atlantic or near the Caribbean, it’s in the Meditteranean Sea. - Prospero is a wizard who uses white magic to bring order to a society that has become disordered. Minds have become inverted, the will rules the reason; passion and appetite are ruling over reason english lecture “the tempest” january 6, 2011 - Prospero uses 3 things to control events: Magic, as represented by the cloak he puts on, by the book he holds in his hand, and by the staff he carrys. These identify him as an alchemist. Trying to turn metal into gold for the purposes of undoing the damage caused by the fall. - He transforms the people who come ashore into ordered minds. Alonso, Antonio, all the others are put back on the level which link them closer with Adam and Eve. - Prospero talks about this in the epilogue. - Human Beings are the only creatures capable of change, if we look upwards towards the angels they look towards light, reason, order and harmony. They can understand their own humble position in relation to it. - IF they look downwards, they’re looking at the passions and appetites. They can learn control over themselves and responsibility. - We have a gift of mutability - to change, be better or worse. - Prospero is involved with making them better - Ariel - Able to assist him; Ariel will be released at the end of the play - 3rd Thing Prospero has : Music to put people to sleep, put people in condition of harmony. (Magic, Ariel, Music) - Donne Valediction “Forbidden Mourning” - When Prospero leaves the island, he’s leaving behind his magic and releasing Ariel. He will take music back; it remains in the fallen world as an inducement to harmony and order. - Closely related to Prospero’s fairy tale world and his role as a magician is his role as a blocking character. He uses his skill as a magician to prevent F + M from falling into too easy a relationship. He wants to bring them to a marriage of true minds. - 4th: Prospero has been seen as a projection of Shakespeare. Seeing himself as this magical figure who’s able to bring about reconciliation. - Prospero is a dramatist like Shakespeare. He writes the script, he controls the action, he’s an artist figure. He uses the magic of the imagination - “Creative Moral Intelligence” Captures what Prospero represents. He can create illusions, generate fantasies, do two things that are central to Renaissance thinking: delight and educate. The pill of morality is sugared over by his imagination. Makes play entertaining and educational - Role of Prospero as an educator: To strengthen the fallen mind, bring people to their senses by aligning their power of reason with the angels rather than animals. He’s tied into this important theme of renaissance: education. Education was seen as the key for undoing damage of the fall. Could improve people. Era when University was invented - School and education began to assume it’s modern form at the time of the Renaissance - Society itself, culture itself, was thought to increase one’s ability, to think clearly, be responsible adult. - Society civilizes people. Art is a third thing that would educate people. - Think to Valediction Forbidden Mourning; this poem is difficult, puzzling, full of paradxes and irony. Metaphysical Conceit at the end of it. It asks us to think hard and by making us think hard they can undo the damage done by the fall. english lecture “the tempest” january 6, 2011 - Bible (given to learn how to behave properly, either contained all or most of what you needed to know) and the Book of Nature (look to nature to supplement the Bible; you can see how to act and how not to act - birds and animals take care of their young, plants and trees die in winter and are revived in spring - When we’re introduced to Prospero, he is first and foremost a teacher, someone who wishes to pass on his learning and loves learning. Interaction with Miranda is very teacher-student. We see this relationship and him convey his love of Mirand
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