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English 1022E
Lorraine Dicicco

Eng1020E September 13, 2011 Lecture 1 – Modes & Genres Ways of Analyzing Texts  Themes, plots.  Character evolution/development (main focus being on the protagonist).  Personal connection/Reader’s engagement.  Narrative point of view.  Social relevance.  Language, style, structure, and diction. Sigmund Freud  Carl Jung  Northrop Frye (Archetypal Critic) Carl Jung: The Mind’s 3 Parts 1. Personal Consciousness 2. Personal Unconsciousness 3. Collective Unconsciousness o An impersonal, universal space in the psyche that is inaccessible (to the human mind). Here we can find a cumulative experience/imagery - stirring up the same emotions and feelings - that exists in all people of all places and all times. o We all respond to stories and myths, and all (subconsciously) know them and can tap into them. (Things we can instinctively understand.) o These are archetypes (basic fundamental mythic stories). Authors then build around them when they write stories. They can be found in dreams, fantasies, and religions. o Psychological inheritance. Northrop Frye: The Archetypal Critic Frye developed a mythic/archetypal criticism.  A way of categorizing reading.  “Every type of literature can be read in a structure.”  Reading archetypally allows us to understand the deeper meaning and myth of the story, tying it together with the other stories of its kind, uncovering the most abstract meaning.  All stories boil down to an element of desire. As humans we all lack and yearn for, something. Therefore all stories involve a guest to fulfill this desire. This is known as the monomyth.  Frye’s Theory: Every text involves images and mirrors different works. He divorces the text from the world and the audience so that we are only looking at texts talking to other texts – a world of words! – and examining symbols and common themes.  Reading archetypally involves not thinking of influences, the author, the world, perspectives, or anything outside the texts . Looks only at the (common) skeletal structure of the stories.  Stories all break down to the re-occurring “kernels” or themes. Frye’s Concept of the Circle *All stories can fit somewhere between ROMANCE and ANTI-ROMANCE. All stories flow in a circle through the stage. Romance (Idealism)  Triumph of desire over the actual; unity of man with self, others, nature, God;
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