ENGLISH 1022E September 28 , 2010
ENGLISH – Lecture 5
Three Graces, Judgement of Paris
o Venus (love)
o Juno (power)
o Pallas (wisdom)
JAMES JOYCE – “THE DEAD”…
1 - Musical interlude Topos (Topoi)
2- Dinner Pattern employed by different cultures for different purposes
3 - Ride to hotel Gradual narrowing of focus onto Gabriel…
4 - Gabe/Gretta
5 - Gabe
5. Musical interlude/Dinner Guests…
Series of Irish types…
Mrs. Morxans (unmarried, biological lack of fertility metaphor for Ireland)
Aunts may have once had vitality but lost it
Page 2509 – “erect, parted lips, flaccid” represents man? “puckers and
creases, shrivelled, nut” making Aunts neither male nor female…they have
lost their female identity.
Old ladies are irrelevant
Gabriel makes allusion to “three graces” where in Greek mythology the man has
to choose between the three, Venus was chosen. Gabriel tries to flatter three
Aunts with this metaphor…but becomes ironical because they are nothing like
the three graces
Freddy: he’s a moron when first introduced…he is not in control of himself.
Freddy is part of the dead – “blunt nose, low brow, heavy lidded eyes” and he
has a girlish laugh (lack of clear definition between male and female again).
Teddy as in teddy bear.
Like robot, machine (page 2513) …going to take Ireland nowhere.
Mr. Browne: represents dullness of Ireland ENGLISH 1022E September 28 , 2010
extra “e” in Browne connotes that he is pretentious
Young women are taken into back room with him… woman that could bring