Film Studies 1020E Lecture Notes - Classical Hollywood Cinema, Establishing Shot

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Published on 27 Nov 2011
School
Western University
Department
Film Studies
Course
Film Studies 1020E
Art Cinema
17 November 2011
Spectatorship and Art Cinema
- difference expectations from each genre
- we bring expectations to films
- play with narrative
- the spectator performs particular cognitive operations with are no less active for being
habitual and familiar
- we perform operations in our brain while we watch films (filling in the details and
forming a hypothesis)
i) Expectations and hypotheses in Classical Hollywood Narrative
Hypothesis-Forming:
- trying to guess what happens next
- we are either right, or wrong
- we always do that when we watch a film
- based on data that pre-exist our spectatorship of the film we watch
- data then interacts with material presented during the film
- schemata
- cues (cause and effect)
Before we have seen a film:
- genre - what we know about the western, for instance
- stars - for example, John Wayne from Stagecoach
- cinematize conventions:
- artistic moments: the panoramic vistas of Monument Valley in Stagecoach
- credit sequence
- establishing shot
ii) Defying our expectations: Art Cinema, 1950 - 1980
- art cinema is about defying our expectations
- leave us wondering what will happen and why
- brings a new way of seeing the world
- it can be fun
There are problems with the Classical Hollywood Narrative:
- not real/too illusory -> realism
- consoling narrative closure, wish-fulfillments -> ambiguity
- narration effaced, not the expression of author -> authorship
Realism:
- character and plot
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Document Summary

The spectator performs particular cognitive operations with are no less active for being habitual and familiar. We perform operations in our brain while we watch films (filling in the details and forming a hypothesis: expectations and hypotheses in classical hollywood narrative. We always do that when we watch a film. Based on data that pre-exist our spectatorship of the film we watch. Data then interacts with material presented during the film. Genre - what we know about the western, for instance. Stars - for example, john wayne from stagecoach. Artistic moments: the panoramic vistas of monument valley in. Stagecoach: defying our expectations: art cinema, 1950 - 1980. Art cinema is about defying our expectations. Leave us wondering what will happen and why. Brings a new way of seeing the world. There are problems with the classical hollywood narrative: Narration effaced, not the expression of author -> authorship. He plays a normal person, doesn"t fit into stereotypes.

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