Week 12 - Formalism
- films that deliberately stylize and distort the real world, reform reality, and use
techniques to comment on the subject matter, we define as Formalist
Ø history: formalism begins with Méliès
Ø like Realism, Formalism is not an absolute – we don’t say that a film is either
formalist or it’s not; rather, films range on a continuum from realism to formalism
- questions to ask:
Ø how does the stylistic element function in the total film?
Ø how is it motivated?
Ø how does it vary and develop?
Ø and, how does the stylistic system relate to (interact with) the narrative system?
- types of film formalism:
Ø Surrealism (Un chien andalou), Dadaism (Ballet mechanique) and Cubism in
Ø Expressionism in Germany: Wiene's films and F. W. Murnau’s German films
Ø Futurism in Italy
Ø Constructivism in the Soviet Union