introduction to editing
editing: “(1) In filmmaking, the task of selecting and joining camera takes.
(2) In the finished film, the set of techniques that governs relations among
A cut is an instantaneous cut from one to another
A cut was two takes taped together splices
Easiest way to change scenes, and fastest way to introduce new material
- types of shot transitions or “edits”
cut or straight cut
cut-in – fast zoom into the same frame
fade in from black, fade out to black. Tends to slow the forward movement
of a sequence. Usually then at the end of the film.
dissolve – two scenes being showed at the same time, the original shot
fades out as the new shot fades in
wipe – a line passes over the screen and pushes it out and brings in the
They had to be created in a lab post production but now it is all done on a
- four basic areas of choice and control in editing:
graphic relations – shots are patterns of light and dark, shapes, sizes,
volumes, depth, movement, and stasis.
graphic match – graphic relations between shots. Shapes colours
movement of direction are all repeated or continued across the edit
to the next shot.
graphic conflict – creates abrupt or contrast between two shots. Cut
from bright to dark shot.
Edits also edit how long certain shots last on the screen.
-steady rhythmic editing – can have a pattern
-fixed or static shots are slower than mobile framing
-cluttered mise-en-scene seems faster than a clean mise-en-scene
-music and sound make the shot seem faster as well.
spatial relations – cinematic space is a constructed space. Deep space
cues the existence of action. Depth of field is camera distance and planes
of field. All of this shape the diegetic space. Editing can also create space.
establishing shot – scene begins with this. Presents a complete view
of the scene, long or extreme long shot. Establishes the spacial
awareness of the shot.
reestablishing shot – cuts to medium shot to eventually focus in on
• Accordion structure – zoom in at the beginning and back out
again at the end of the scene. Establishes emotional and