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Lecture 6

Film Lecture 6 October 10th.docx

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Western University
Film Studies
Film Studies 1020E
Barbara Bruce

Film Lecture October 10 , 2013 For the test next week • Know ALL the definitions • How the things we have studied have meaning when it comes to movies as a whole • All multiple choice • Bring a pencil • Review chapter 1 and all lecture outlines • Review illusion machines on page 9!!! Cinematography – all manipulations of the film in production, shooting or development phase 1. Photographic qualities how it is photographed 2. How the image is framed Mise-en-scene is WHAT is filmed vs. cinematography is HOW it’s filmed Cinematography draws attention to dramatic elements of the story (character, object, setting) Definitions – must know the difference between take and shot - shot - From viewer’s perspective watching the screen, a shot is one uninterrupted image with a single static or mobile framing (from one edit to the next). - compare to a take § In filmmaking (from filmmakers perspective), a take is the shot produced by one uninterrupted run of the camera. One shot in the final film may be chosen out of several takes the filmmaker made of the same action. - “cinematography”: General term for all the manipulations of the film strip by the camera in the shooting phase and by the laboratory in the developing phase - Cinematographic elements: framing, lens, chemistry of light registration, focus, camera movement, time of shot (length, fast or slow motion), special effects, etc. - Photographic aspects of the shot: - Perspective relations - Lenses take the place of the human eye no lens perfectly replicates human vision · “focal length”: - The distance from the centre of the lens to the point where light rays converge to a point of focus (p. 501-502) - Wide angle lens (see chapter notes) - Normal lens (see chapter notes) - Telephoto lens (see chapter notes) - Anamorphic lens (find in textbook) - Zoom lens (see chapter notes) · Depth of field: - The range of distances before the lens within which objects can be photographed in sharp focus - Shallow focus (a shallow depth of field) - Deep focus (distinct from deep space) - Racking focus (changing focus during a shot) Faster film has lower resolution but has better and deepe
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