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Lecture 5

Film Lecture 5 September 30.docx

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Film Studies
Film Studies 1020E
Barbara Bruce

Film Lecture September 30, 2013 Mise-En-Scene - elements of film shared with the theatre: o setting and props o costume and make-up o lighting o performance (“behaviour of the figures”) These element are called pro-filmic: that which is in front of the camera Meliere saw a greater potential for film than the lumiere’s had. Meliere was a magician and saw film as a way to enhance his magic act. He could defy gravity and create a better magical illusion. - four elements of mise-en-scene: 1. setting i. location · outdoor setting, generally more realistic ii. studio: · the Classical Hollywood Cinema was dominated by studio shooting because it affords greater control to the filmmaker o generally indoor, although outdoor locations can be simulated: cities, forests, jungles, etc. iii. models, miniatures · used especially in special effects · in Star Wars, all the shots of the Death Star, space ships in space were models o constructed objects, but now more commonly CGI What is the relationship between the setting and the characters? Prop: an object that has a function within the ongoing action of the film. Often significant to a character, and if repeated it could become a motif. (Shower curtain in psyho) iconography props: object repeated throughout multiple films (guns in western movies) 2. Costume and make-up – carefully planned out and often have a deeper meaning. Convey setting and meaning. (Dorothy’s red, white and blue) 3. Lighting Highlights and shadows – add texture and volume to 2D films. · Attached shadows or shading – part of person or object result from light cast and hitting a body creates a shadow on another body part. · cast shadows – projected onto something or someone, created when light falls on somebody or someone and the shadow is on the ground or background. 4. Aspects of film lighting: A. light quality - Relative intensity of illumination or the intensity of lighting in relation to shadow - Soft or low-contrast lighting = “Illumination that avoids harsh bright and dark areas, creating a gradual transition from highlights to shadows” (504) - hard or high-contrast lighting = “Illumination that creates sharp-edged shadows” (502) B. light direction where does the light come from? - frontal lighting is directed into the scene from a position near the camera (Still 8) - sidelighting (or crosslighting) comes from one side of a person or object, usually in order to create a sense of volume, to bring out surface tensions, or to fill in areas left shadowed by light from another source (Stills 9-11) - top lighting comes from above a person or object, usually in order to outline the upper areas of the figure or to separate it more clearly from the background (Still 12) - it’s also good for cheekbones (Still 13) - backlighting comes from behind a character to highlight their outline in the image - creates effects of edge lighting and silhouettes (Stills 14 and 15) - underlighting comes from a point below the figures in the scene - it tends to distort features, so is typically used to suggest a naturalistic light source or in horror films (Still ) C. light source - Key light – brightest source of lighting - fill light - Backlight - mixing light sources - Three-point lighting: o in the Classical Hollywood Cinema, it is an arrangement of key, fill, and backlighting which serves to model the character while maintaining an even illumination in the shot. - High-key lighting - “Illumination that creates comparatively little contrast between the light and dark areas of the shot.” Shadows are fairly transparent and brightened by fill light” (502) o Stills 1, 3, 4&5, 8, below, for exa
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