Realism and Formalism
• Italian Neorealism is essentially a perfect representation of Bazins ideas of the
fidelity of cinema as absolute truth
• Postwar Italy – little access to film production
• Ability to reflect on what’s just happened – looking at the past, present, future.
• Reflecting social realities – realistic representation of life, people, politics, etc.
• New techniques – onlocation shotting, handheld camera work, nonprofessional
• Unrestrained reality – working in real time, superfluous events.
• De Sica – a sence of the real through the poetic language of cinema –
representation vs. reality.
• Umberto begins the film as a speck in the ground – a part of a larger picture –
tragic character but not unique.
• A definite social context.
• A sense of historical actuality and immediacy
• Political commitment to progressive social change
• Authentic on location shooting as opposed to the articicial studio
• A rejection of classical Hollywood acting styles; extensive use of non
professional actors as much as possible
• A documentary style of cinematography
• Denotative Semiotics (Plot)
• Something that’s told directly through narrative
• Relates to Story/Plot
• Image/ Sound Relationships
Connotative Semiotics (Style)