Humans and environment is a complex system. Humans are the dominant agents of env. change. Key for energy future renewable + reduction. Major impacts on vegetation, animals, land, soil, water, climate. Capabilities & habits acquired by members of a society. Codes a set of rules or guidelines; formal or informal i. e. clothing; food; bodies (positioning & gestures), beauty; Intimate (skin -46cm) personal (46cm 1m) social (1-3m) public (3-8m) Landscapes: literally learn to read, interpret or de-code the arrangement in space of human activities. & actions i. e. how u/others behave in certain spaces religion; language; gender; food . Totality of a shared, learned "way of life": doing & thinking. " the specialized behavioural patterns, understanding, adaptation & social systems that constitute a people"s learned way of life" Behavioural patterns recurring human actions (marriage, wars, housing) Understandings what/how we know (book, religions, sciences) Adaptations changing ourselves & our env. to address new challenges.