Geography 1500F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Via Campesina, Food Sovereignty, Land Tenure

58 views3 pages

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

1500f: lecture 10: October 19th, 2016: Food and agriculture part 2
Last time we talked about:
Challenges for agriculture
How intensive agriculture has responded to these challenges
Today:
How alternative approaches to agriculture address the challenges
Key debates
Agriculture’s challenges
Feed the global population equally
Maintain ecosystem services
Provide livelihoods
Contribute to identity and culture
Intensive agriculture: social outcomes
North America:
o Fewer farmers, larger farms
o Farmers increasingly rely on off-farm employment (high capital costs of
mechanization)
o Migrant labour for some tasks
Globally
o Dependence on cash crops makes farmers vulnerable to price
fluctuations
o Low-paid, insecure plantation work
o Land tenure issues: small farmers may be displaced for large investors
o Land deals, “land grabs:
Challenge: contribute to identity and culture
In what ways does modern, intensive/industrial farming contribute to identity and
culture?
o Changing ideas of how food is supposed to look to be appealing
o Sense of pride of being a part of an efficient system and producing a lot of
food and that health and safety regulations have improved
o System hasn’t been all bad but are some things to appreciate
Alternative visions of agriculture
Love in-put agriculture
o Common in much of the ‘developing’ world
o Polyculture: a variety of crops and livestock
o Mixture of subsistence (for household consumption and market
production (to sell)
o Low capital inputs, high labour
Low priced fertilizers and soil, seeds, etc.
Food movements and other strategies
Agro-ecology
o “the application of ecological concepts and principles to the design and
management of sustainable agriculture ecosystems” – Altieri 2009
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class