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Lecture 24

Geography 2011A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Softwood, Canadian Shield

2 pages79 viewsSummer 2018

Course Code
Geography 2011A/B
Wendy Dickinson

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© Forestry
- In Southern Ontario, as population was growing we cleared the forest to make agricultural land
- Then, we began to commercial logging for forest products (for construction, and paper-making, which
we are world-leaders of). Hoee, due to this foesty, thee ae’t ay resources + there is water +
pollution not directly due to forestry, but due to pulp and paper mills (secondary economic activities).
- 80% of Otaio’s lad is oeed y foests
- 80% of forests are owned by the province
- Most forestry operations takes place on Canadian Shield
- Most of the alue of Otaio’s foesty oes fo pulp ad pape poduts (secondary economic
- Thee is usually oly oe softood ill ad pulp ad pape faility i a to, ad it’s the oly ajo
employer. If something happens to it (demand for the produce decreases or mill shuts down), then it
messes up the local economy oo ust eooy of piay eooi atiities.
Video: Sustainable Forest Management in Ontario (on public/crown land)
- Starts w/a sustainable forest license (SFL) an agreement between the government and forest
company which gives them the right to harvest wood on crown land but they are also
responsible for forest management planning (26 months) that allows them to harvest materials,
but in a sustainable way. I Otaio’s foest aageet plaig, public consultation is
ipotat loal itize’s oittee assists eah plaig tea /the pepaatio of the foest
management plan oittee epesets a diesity of puli’s iteest
- A harvesting map shows where to cut and includes many important landscape features (water
odies, ildlife haitat aeas, uiue o ae eosyste featues. Haestig a’t take plae
within 30m from all water bodies (buffers around water bodies) to minimize the effect of
harvesting on water, soil, and aquatic animals. Following each harvest, renewal plans (part of
forest management plans) are required to ensure that the forest regenerates (can be done
artificially by planting trees or seeding or the site can be left to regenerate naturally done in
boreal forests). Tree planting is reliable, but letting the forest regenerate naturally ensures that
only the trees suited for the site are established.
- The company is responsible for the renewal of forests until it is free to grow
- U.S. thinks Ontario is subsidizing their forestry activity too much so they impose taxes and tariffs on
forest products like lumbar and softwood.
D Mining
- Canadian Shield and Far North
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