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Lecture 24

Geography 2011A/B Lecture 24: Forestry

2 Pages
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Department
Geography
Course Code
Geography 2011A/B
Professor
Wendy Dickinson

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© Forestry
- In Southern Ontario, as population was growing we cleared the forest to make agricultural land
- Then, we began to commercial logging for forest products (for construction, and paper-making, which
we are world-leaders of). Hoee, due to this foesty, thee ae’t ay resources + there is water +
pollution not directly due to forestry, but due to pulp and paper mills (secondary economic activities).
- 80% of Otaio’s lad is oeed y foests
- 80% of forests are owned by the province
- Most forestry operations takes place on Canadian Shield
- Most of the alue of Otaio’s foesty oes fo pulp ad pape poduts (secondary economic
activity).
- Thee is usually oly oe softood ill ad pulp ad pape faility i a to, ad it’s the oly ajo
employer. If something happens to it (demand for the produce decreases or mill shuts down), then it
messes up the local economy oo ust eooy of piay eooi atiities.
Video: Sustainable Forest Management in Ontario (on public/crown land)
- Starts w/a sustainable forest license (SFL) an agreement between the government and forest
company which gives them the right to harvest wood on crown land but they are also
responsible for forest management planning (26 months) that allows them to harvest materials,
but in a sustainable way. I Otaio’s foest aageet plaig, public consultation is
ipotat loal itize’s oittee assists eah plaig tea /the pepaatio of the foest
management plan oittee epesets a diesity of puli’s iteest
- A harvesting map shows where to cut and includes many important landscape features (water
odies, ildlife haitat aeas, uiue o ae eosyste featues. Haestig a’t take plae
within 30m from all water bodies (buffers around water bodies) to minimize the effect of
harvesting on water, soil, and aquatic animals. Following each harvest, renewal plans (part of
forest management plans) are required to ensure that the forest regenerates (can be done
artificially by planting trees or seeding or the site can be left to regenerate naturally done in
boreal forests). Tree planting is reliable, but letting the forest regenerate naturally ensures that
only the trees suited for the site are established.
- The company is responsible for the renewal of forests until it is free to grow
- U.S. thinks Ontario is subsidizing their forestry activity too much so they impose taxes and tariffs on
forest products like lumbar and softwood.
D Mining
- Canadian Shield and Far North
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Description
Forestry In Southern Ontario, as population was growing we cleared the forest to make agricultural land Then, we began to commercial logging for forest products (for construction, and papermaking, which we are worldleaders of). However, due to this forestry, there arent many resources + there is water + pollution not directly due to forestry, but due to pulp and paper mills (secondary economic activities). 80 of Ontarios land is covered by forests 80 of forests are owned by the province Most forestry operations takes place on Canadian Shield Most of the value of Ontarios forestry comes from pulp and paper products (secondary economic activity). There is usually only one softwood mill and pulp and paper facility in a town, and its the only major employer. If something happens to it (demand for the produce decreases or mill shuts down), then it messes up the local economy boom bust economy of primary economic activities. Video: Sustainable Forest Management in Ontario (on publiccrown land) Starts wa sustainable forest license (SFL) an agreement between the government and forest company which gives them the right to harvest wood on crown land but they are also responsible for forest management planning (26 months) that allows them to harvest materials, but in a sustainable way. In Ontarios forest management planning, public consultation is important (local citizens committee assists each planning team wthe preparation of the forest management plan committee represents a diversity of publics interest) A harvesting map shows where to cut and includes many important landscape features (water bodies, wildlife habitat areas, unique or rare ecosystem features). Harvesting cant take place within 30m from all water bodies (buffers around water bodies) to minimize the effect of harvesting on water, soil, and aquatic animals. Following each harvest, renewal plans (part of forest management plans) are required to ensure that the forest regenerates (can be done artificially by planting trees or seeding or the site can be left to regenerate naturally done in boreal forests). Tree planting is reliable, but letting the forest regenerate naturally ensures that only the trees suited for the site are established. The company is responsible for the renewal of forests until it is free to grow U.S. thinks Ontario is subsidizing their forestry activity too much so they impose taxes and tariffs on forest products like lumbar and softwood. D Mining Canadian Shield and Far North
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