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Lecture 4

Geography 2011A/B Lecture 4: lecture 4
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3 Pages
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Department
Geography
Course Code
Geography 2011A/B
Professor
Wendy Dickinson

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Lecture 4.1 Heartland
Description of a Heartland ~ Toronto
- Small land area
- High concentration of people
- Highly urbanized
- Corporate control (headquarters and decision makers)
- No space for Primary industries, so the rest dominate
- Industrial core
- Cities with diverse economies and good physical qualities
- Access to markets
- Well integrated system of cities (seamless)
- Capacity for innovation and change (because of resources, part of control)
- Competitive Geographic Advantage: Flat, easily cleared, accessible by water, cheap resources, close
to US, concentration of resources
Description of a Hinterland ~ Sudbury
- Large land area
- Low concentration of population, scattered, rural
- Low income, more unemployment
- Primary industries dominate, fewer jobs, sensitive to change
- Specialized economies (like towns built around ores)
- Limited political power/capacity for change
- Dependency on Heartland
- Less innovation because of less resources
Heartland Process How to Become a Heartland
- Growth that is self-sustained
- Economies of scale and conglomeration (businesses close together, ie. bank = essential)
- Growth attracts more growth
- Demand for staple commodities
- Purchase resources for Hinterland
- When all geographic competitive advantages are present it is hard to stop
- Needs lots of people, we have this because we have plentiful resources and are attractive because of
already settled groups (manpower)
- Must do more than sustain; export
- Exchanges provide Hinterland with capital, labour, technology, entrepreneurship, etc.
- Attract people with high wages, technology, and resources to Hinterlands to ensure Primary
industries are continued and supporting Heartland
- Government transfers to Hinterlands because they can’t access all services and we say all Canadians
should have the same access
Ontario as a Heartland
- Along Windsor-Quebec axis, South-Central Ontario and GH
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Description
Lecture 4.1 Heartland Description of a Heartland ~ Toronto Small land area High concentration of people Highly urbanized Corporate control (headquarters and decision makers) No space for Primary industries, so the rest dominate Industrial core Cities with diverse economies and good physical qualities Access to markets Well integrated system of cities (seamless) Capacity for innovation and change (because of resources, part of control) Competitive Geographic Advantage: Flat, easily cleared, accessible by water, cheap resources, close to US, concentration of resources Description of a Hinterland ~ Sudbury Large land area Low concentration of population, scattered, rural Low income, more unemployment Primary industries dominate, fewer jobs, sensitive to change Specialized economies (like towns built around ores) Limited political powercapacity for change Dependency on Heartland Less innovation because of less resources Heartland Process How to Become a Heartland Growth that is selfsustained Economies of scale and conglomeration (businesses close together, ie. bank = essential) Growth attracts more growth Demand for staple commodities Purchase resources for Hinterland When all geographic competitive advantages are present it is hard to stop Needs lots of people, we have this because we have plentiful resources and are attractive because of already settled groups (manpower) Must do more than sustain; export Exchanges provide Hinterland with capital, labour, technology, entrepreneurship, etc. Attract people with high wages, technology, and resources to Hinterlands to ensure Primary industries are continued and supporting Heartland Government transfers to Hinterlands because they cant access all services and we say all Canadians should have the same access Ontario as a Heartland Along WindsorQuebec axis, SouthCentral Ontario and GH
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