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Land, Inequality, and Revolutionary Struggle.docx

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Geography 2020A/B
Anthony Weis

Feb, 07, 2013 Land, Inequality, and Revolutionary Struggle -The official Mexico of frock-coated gentlemen olympically ignored the real Mexico whose poverty fed their splendour -In the late 1800’s there were extreme inequalities in land and society persisting and this was linked to new interests from groups like US corporations and land led to many huge social tensions and the uneven social order was held together by force and there was extreme volatility -Large landholding classes were typically linked to dictators and the military and this caused the cycle of US intervention in the military and politics and this was also linked to US corporations and it seemed as though the people were at war with their past (US commonly sided with authoritarian regimes) -All of the above led to inevitable revolutions and the first place tensions erupted was in Mexico The Mexican Revolution: -The Mexican revolution lasted from 1910-1920 and the tipping point was Porfirio Diaz who had been president since 1876 when Mexico was pre-industrial, rural, and with limited technological advancement -He promoted aggressive modernization, industry, foreign investment, infrastructure (railroads), and urbanization nd -The “2 Conquest” that resulted was the result of rural elites expropriating vast land from smallholders and indigenous peoples and there was extensive landlessness and a small percentage of farmers owning 95% of the arable land -Francisco Madero sparked an uprising and took power from 1911-1913 but he straddled the middle and there were modest reforms but he alienated both the right and the left and as a result he was killed in a coup -The military regime was resisted by Emiliano Zapata who was leaders of the Liberation Army of the South and Pancho Villa who was leader of the Northern Division but there were many other competing currents and fronts -The revolution was extremely violent and it is uncertain how many people were killed but we know in 1910 the population was 15 million and by 1920 it was 13.5 million but there was much more than the 1.5 million killed because not all would have been recorded -What emerged was not radical reforms but the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in 1929 and this led to a virtual one part system until 2000 -In 1919 Zapata was murdered and in 1923 so was Vil
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