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2013-03-04 Europe and the Cold War.docx

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Department
Geography
Course
Geography 2050A/B
Professor
Mireya Folch- Serra
Semester
Winter

Description
Europe and the Cold War: The Berlin Case March 4, 2013 Contemporary Europe’s: key political events  First World War (1914-1919)  The Treaty of Versailles (1919)  Interregnum--uneasy peace (1919-1939)  Second World War (1939-1945)  The Cold War (1945-1990) THE COLD WAR (1945-1990s)  Europe divided by Iron Curtain at the end of Second World War (1939-1945) Cold War’s creation of the communist ‘OTHER’ BIPOLAR WORLD  World affairs dominated by USAand Soviet Union from 1945 to 1990  Western Europe ceases to be the world dominant power after the war Division of Germany into communist and capitalist areas th th BERLIN: Capital of Prussia from the 15 to the 19 century  Ideal location  Infrastructure  Small industries Berlin always the capital … …except during the Cold War from 1945 to 1989 1871 = 825,000 PEOPLE 1939 = 4.3 m PEOPLE Germany’s territorial expansion and contraction: WW1 & WW2 PARTITION OF GERMANY (1949) Partition of Berlin: 1949 Germany divided after 1949: fragmentation and distance After 1949 Partition  FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY (FDR =West Germany)  Bonn as provisional capital  GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC (GDR = East Germany)  East Berlin as capital Blockade of West Berlin 1948/49  GAS  ELECTRICITY  WATER  Food Berlin blockade 1948-49 Aerial corridors Supplies Relief effort Airplanes from west Germany bring supplies to west Berlin Key events after siege -Berlin Wall erected in 1961 -also known as the “Iron Curtain” -symoblism: separting the West from the East (capitalism vs. communism) -American sector -more commercialization, capitalism -Check-points -Wall near Brandenburg gate -The Wall begins to fall, 1989 -there are holes on the wall, people can fit their face in the wall and peek the other side -more of a broken seam in the wall; guards can talk to each other through that broken seam -Graffiti -people vandalize the wall -Breaching the Wall -many people climbed over the walls -many escaped East Germany by climbing over walls to get over to West Germany for a better life because West Germany was occupied by the West (Americans) and East Germany was occupied by the East (Soviet Union) -The Wall’s leftovers -the wall is still there, with graffiti writing -The ruins of Check-point Charlie, 1993 -Military paraphernalia for sale after unification (1990s) -military clothes and other items were sold in the streets -Wall Demolition after unification -The wall bridged -there were gaps between the walls -East side Berlin -graffiti on the wall says “No more wars. No more walls.” -2013 protest to keep the Wall as memento -Brandenburg Gate before restoration -the gate was a city gate -vehicles and pedestrians could travel freely through the gate, located in East Berlin, until the Berlin Wall was built -gate was isolated and inaccessible immediately next to the Berlin Wall -The gate restored after fall of Berlin Wall -it’s not a symbol for the tumultuous European history but also of European unity and peace Three representations of the G
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