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2013-04-02 Food, Wine, and Identity in Western Europe.docx

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Geography 2050A/B
Mireya Folch- Serra

Food, Wine, and Identity in Western Europe April 2, 2013 -food and wine = trademark of Europe -it is very much how Europeans identify themselves -e.g. French, Germans, Italians -when you think of Italians and French people, you will automatically associate them with food and wine -Bacchus -Greek and Roman god of wine -painted with grapes and vines -related to winemaking -winemaking ingrained in culture, geography, and history of Europe Wine: European Contribution to Western Civilization -picture: goddess holding grapes -When Christianity came to Europe: (pic) ruined monastery -traditionally, wine in the beginning of MiddleAges were made by monks in the monastery -they were involved in producing wine -church involved in wine industry -there are still monasteries in Europe that still produce wine today -winemaking begins with Phoenicians and Greeks who colonized the Mediterranean -cultivation of grapes needed climate that is not too harsh (cold) -In the MiddleAges, the Benedictines cultivated the finest vineyards in Europe -They were followed by the Cistercians -(famous opera ‘Carmina Burana’by Carl Off) -comic opera about how monks produce the wine and drink the wine and they get drunk -Within the monasteries tools and techniques, and grape varieties were developed -each wine is made with different variety of grapes Wine Making in the MiddleAges -book: House of Duke of M... -shows wine production in MiddleAges and castles -book shows type of vessels used to serve wine, wooden barrels to keep the wine that are still used to this day -they were used in the MiddleAges, and they are still used today -continuation of this industry and way it was produced from MiddleAges and onward – good describer to European identity -linked to church, monks, nobility -wine: more than actual drink we enjoy – it’s a whole structure of identity The World’s Vineyards -whole European area close to Mediterranean: wine-producing countries -bulk of wine production in Europe -impossible to grow grapes above the ‘line’ Rivers and Wine:ARemarkable Connection -throughout the centuries, the rivers of Europe have been -a transportation hub -a source of food and water -a place to play and navigate -a wellspring of quality wines -quality wines always located near banks of rivers -In any of the innumerable rivers of Europe there are vineyards planted right up to the bank The Rivers of Europe -important ones for wine cultivation: Seine, Loire, Rhine, etc. Wine Making: Old Way and ComputerAssisted Way -old way: wine workers had to get undressed to go inside batches of grapes and stomp on them in order to extract juice of grapes -not too long ago -many wineries used to have workers do the job -traditional way of making wine -today: computer-assisted industry has changed the ways -juice extracted mechanically Ceremonial Wine Tasting -schools in which you become an expert after many years of wine tasting -paid to be wine tester -important art -part art, part science to test wine and decide if it’s too acidic or sweet -it’s a whole way of assessing wine -wine making is art and science -important economy for European countries -quality of wine reflect the enterprise of wine -this allows the product of wine to be priced accordingly -part of economy, culture, tradition, industry France’s Famous Wine -wine-producing regions linked in rivers -Wine producing regions are linked to the country’s rivers -The Romans planted the first vines along the Rhone, Garonne and Loire rivers establishing viticultural areas -Today’s spicy Syrah of Northern Rhone, elegant reds of Bordeaux and refreshing wines of the Loire are linked to their ancient origins through their rivers -each wine is different, depending on the region Wine Rivers of France -Loire, Rhone, Garonne -around the rivers: the cultivation of vineyards -Wine producing regions are linked to the country’s rivers -The Romans planted the first wines along the Rhone, Garonne and Loire rivers establishing viticultural areas -France’s largest wine region, Bordeaux is perhaps the greatest in the world. At their best, Bordeaux wines are more aristocratic, more profound and more sumptuous than any other -impact on people of region: people are proud and they try to keep the quality up to the high standards and reputation they have built -it reflects on their identity Bordeaux Wines -It is agreed that Bordeaux is the finest wine district on Earth -in 2005, it produced 6 million hectolitres -All Bordeaux wine states are planted with a mixture of grape varieties -Grape varieties: Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, and Petit Verdot -name of grape – not brand name -Merlot can be bought in any place – it’s a particular grape (doesn’t denote area; it denotes the grape) -Bordeaux: mixed variety Languedoc and Roussillon -have great/important production -they have different brands of wines and grapes -The area is situated near the Pyrenees and it has sites like Carcassonne and the snow-covered peaks of the Canigou -Carcassonne: best preserved Medieval city -Grapes such as Grenache and Muscat Blanc are typical Champagne: The King of Wines -name of Champagne -it’s a technique of bubbly wines -it’s a trademark -only the ones from that area can be called champagne -other bubbly wines cannot be named champagne because they are produced outside of the area Types of Champagne -The industrialization of champagne began with the widow Clicquot (high-quality champagne) in the early 19 century -it’s part of the tradition of ancient wine making th -it’s new: industrialized in 19 century -The Champagne region (east of Paris) is located between the rivers Marne, Seine, andAube -Super luxury brands include Dom Perignon, Krug, and Veuve Clicquot -years of wine: bottle can cost from $300-$500+ -when you open it, you have to finish it -cannot keep it after you open it Wine Rivers of Germany,Austria, Italy -Cool-climate Germany, Austria and northern Italy need the steep south-facing riverbanks for the warming effect on the vineyards. It helps the grapes to reach full maturity -people’s identity: -German wines: very much white variety, not red -cool climate: grapes different in quality and flavour and everything than grapes cultivated near the Mediterranean -The heat directly from the sun and reflected off the river is harnessed by the angle and steepness of the vineyards -if they are not cultivated in south-facing riverbanks, they won’t have quality grapes -location of cultivation of grapes: very important element Germany: Its Wines and Rivers -Germany’s cooler growing conditions create a need for maximum sun exposure if the grapes are to ripen properly -The best of the be
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