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Lecture 7

Geography 2060A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Swahili Coast, Sub-Saharan Africa, WieldPremium

4 pages138 viewsWinter 2017

Department
Geography
Course Code
Geography 2060A/B
Professor
Zubedaar Kuuire
Lecture
7

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World Cities Lecture 7
Africa:
Not a country
Least urbanized, growing rapidly
Limited opportunities for employment
Lack of housing, poor infrastructure, increasing inequality
Oversimplified development views
Continent has the extremes of urban development
A lot of issues are from increasing inequalities
1/3 Africans are middle class
Development relies on the private sector
Municipalities fall behind on infrastructure, social services
Ae these hopeless ases
o works in progress’?
Countries have only been independent for a short period of time
Historical Geography of UD:
Colonialism merely changed the path of urbanism in Africa
Colonialism impacted urban form indirectly at first (slave trade era), later directly
(colonial settlement)
Most cities exhibit characteristics of multiple eras
Ancient pre-colonial urban centers:
Like Middle East: formerly huge cities may not exist today
Major centers of urbanism:
o Ethiopia (Meroe, Axum)
o Sahelian cities (on network of caravan routes)
o Swahili coast (Mogadishu, Mombasa) largely
disappeared by 1500
o Bantu states (less enduring influence on
urbanism)
By 9th century, Swahili coast held significance in
international trade
Trade routes linked Arab/Persian traders to the
interior (Zimbabwe, Lake Victoria)
Growth and organization derived from these
exchanges
Kilwa had diplomatic ties to China
Gravity of Arab world drew trade routes north and east
o Europe from North routes
Existing slave trade followed trade routes
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