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Lecture 10

Lecture 10 - Impacts.docx

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Geography 2144A/B
L.Graham Smith

Lecture 9 – Impacts Effects of Tourism - Tourism has both an effect (causes reaction) and an affect (addresses an issue  causing an effect) on the landscape, the host community and on visitors. o You are impacted by the place you visit, and you leave an imprint on the society or landscape you visited - These changes can be environmental, social and/or cultural. - Using comparative examples from our collective experiences and world views, discuss:  Scale  depends on how many people you are with (effects the amount of impact)  Frequency  how often to people go there?  Duration  how long do they stay? How long are the attractions used?  Probability  How likely is it to have an effect? (Ex. Some animals are more adaptable to change, others are not)  Tractability  how easily solvable is the problem? Is the effect predictable and easily manageable to reverse any damage? Can’t manage nature, but can manage how humans use nature  Mitigation  Restrict access (make it hard to get to, make it expensive to busy), different zoning, segregate tourists from locals etc. to preserve an area and reduce any impact  Perception  All in the marketing, make someone think what they are doing is something (Ex. Eco tourism; is rock climbing really eco tourism?) - Cannot predict carrying capacity – only and tool to criticize what has already happened - Can tell carrying capacity has been met when environment has been destroyed or people’s enjoyment of the place has been decreased Rural vs Urban Impacts Types of city - Cities are more robust and can handle tourism better than rural areas - Has les effect on the people, environment, infrastructure  have larger capacity  Resorts – were built for the purpose of tourism  Tourist historic – Cities that have cultural resources that form basis for tourism (NY, London, Rome, Athens, Quebec City)  Converted Cities – Cities that have been converted to tourism (after it has been deserted, etc.) (Ex. Baltimore transformed) The Tourist bubble  When you visit these kinds of cities (London, Paris, NY, etc.) you visit a snapshot of the actual place, and tend to travel routes that have been pre- established for you as a tourist - May travel by map, or a guidebook that tells you where to go and what to see - Services that tourists want
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