Lecture 12: Crime Deviance and Poverty 20140408
1. Crime and Deviance Clarified
2. Geographies of Crime
3. Canadian Prisons & Prisoners
4. London’s Crime Stats
5. Poverty in Canada
Youtube: TheStar.com ‘A Canadian Prisoner’s Perspective’
H) Conviction Category
18% Sex Offenders
Offenders over lap as some may be in more than one offence category.
I) Cost 200102
CSC $10 billion, including policing and court costs Federal male prisoner per day: $199.57
Woman cost more
Q: Why females cost more?
Fewer of them so capital less distributed
2/3’s of females—only ¼ of males—require isolation and segregation—max. security—due to history of
YouTube: TheStar.com ‘Sentences That Come With a Cost’
Why might we think crime is diminishing?
Less young adults now. Average age in Canada is higher.
“Always being watched.” Current tools used to solve crime have become more efficient and advanced.
One argument states that legal abortion law now means less unwanted children, which eliminated children
being born in unloving environment
Federal inmate cost soars to 117Gs each per year – 2013
Avg daily cost of a prisoner in a penitentiary
Annual cost of a prisoner in medium security
Incarceration intended to:
Protect society Punish offender
Prison is a spatial solution to deviant behaviour:
4. London Crime Stats
Q: Is London’s crime rate going up or down over the past decade?
Q: What makes you think this is the case?
Up 3% in 2005
Chief of Police:
“As we increase our complement of officers on the street, we put the crime rate up.”
Homicide: +180% change from 2005: 14 to 2004: 5
Crime falling in London and across country, according to Statistics Canada
Q: Where on campus do the most crimes and offences transpire?
Weldonhigh amounts of traffic. The gym
Q: What makes you think this is the case? LECTURE 12
Poverty, Inequality and Justice
A shortage of financial and other resources such that it is difficult to obtain and maintain sufficient, nutrition,
adequate accommodations and longterm good health.
MAKES IT DIFFICULT TO MEASURE WHEN SOME CAN’T EVEN AGREE ON WHAT IS POVERTY.
Hear a lot about poverty line, but what is it?
B) Absolute vs. Relative Poverty
A level of finances and resources such that basic bodily requirements of all human beings are not met
E.g. exposure to element through lac of clothing or shelter.
Relative: a level of finances and resources that falls below a given society’s prevailing norms and
expectations such that basic bodily requiremets are unmet.
Poverty in India – starvation casuing death
Are you living in poverty in Canadian society without a laptop and colour tv? It varies from
region to region.