American South History: Plantation Nexus 1660s-1860s

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22 Mar 2012

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American South Sept 21
Plantation Nexus 1660s-1860s
Nexus- A bond or link between members in a group
The Plantation is crucial to understanding the American South
Serious social and economic implications to the south’s development.
Huge amounts of land (100s of Acres)
Manor house
Based on one single crop (not producing their own food)
Staple crop for cash
Cotton tobacco rice sugar
A lot of available land Kill the soil and move to a new land
Huge amount of land and shortage of labour
You cannot grow these things for export on a family farm
colonies have too few people
There was an attempt to enslave natives but this did not work because they could
run away (not as noticeable as black slaves)
Indentured servants existed. Signed a contact to work for a certain amount of time//
this was not slavery // unfree labour// need to leave Britain is declining
Black Africans// 1st blacks in 1619 )free not slaves)
Very small number of whites had plantations or slaves.
Evolution of the plantation
Began to grow geographically moved with the westward frontier
Tobacco kills the soil the most so they need to expand
1763 british told the colonists they cold not move more west because the british
keep getting into fights with the natives
Move into the piedmont area
Late colonial era
moved past the appellation mountains (which the british said the couldn’t)
When they hit the black belt the plantation culture explored (after the war of
1) Louisiana purchase 1803
Jefferson bought it from napoleon. Huge territory. The southern part becomes slave
Helps the cotton culture
2) Indian Removal late 1820s-1830s
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