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Lecture

American South and World War Two


Department
History
Course Code
HIS 3321E
Professor
Eric Jarvis

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American South January 4
World War Two – Importance on the shaping of the current south
Formation of the Sun Belt in the South and how it applies itself throughout the US.
In terms of Agriculture, cotton prices begin to increase in price during the war, along with
the prices of tobacco as it was deemed a necessary object in winning the war. Mixed crops
and truck crops begin to show importance as Agriculture begins to be responsible for
feeding cities. Decrease in share cropping. Mechanization and the movement of young men
and women in the south begin to move into the war effort. Fewer farmers make agriculture
more profitable doubling over the years of the war.
The federal government began to pour money into the south during the 2nd world war.
Industrial military complex begins to spread throughout the south as they use the south as
the grounds for building shipyards, naval bases, military bases, and even military industrial
buildings. Funding military occupation in these areas forms a trickling effect into all the
businesses near by. Transformation attempts on the south. Physical layout of the South also
makes it very appealing for these military institutions. Flat lands appealed to the Air Force,
open lands appealed for military testing as there would be little interference.
These flooding of industrial military buildings in the south brought a new standard of
wages to the states. Many of them gladly left their traditional southern jobs in order to
achieve these higher wages, diminishing what was southern. Increased taxes and increased
wages begin to be seen throughout the south because of this. Roads begin to be paved and
electricity spreads through calvin county as the federal government used this for military
industrial means for transport and production and therefore changing the shape out these
southern cities. However not all cities could handle the influx of people into these
previously smaller towns.
Mobile – 100 000 people when the war started with only 19 police officers, as the war
breaks out they have a 160 000 people and an increase in crime begins to appear. City
services were overwhelmed. Providing war and sanitation services began to falter. The
government had to come and expand infrastructure in mobile.
Ingalls shipyard becomes the biggest in the US and is built in Pascagoula.
Norfolk
Marietta
White Primary (1944)
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