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Plantation Nexus Cont Oct 5.doc

Course Code
HIS 3321E
Eric Jarvis

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Plantation Nexus Cont Oct 5
Slavery- The peculiar institution
White supremacy
Slavery dies with civil war, but white supremacy will go on
Ws will dominate white southern thinking
Inconceivable the plantations could run without slavery slaver more cost effective
Race line = maternal
Key reasons for it . Labour shortage
1st Africans arrived 6 years after colony est 1619
These africans were NOT slaves appeared to be indentured servants
Impact the US’s evolution as a whole
Became custom that Africans become enslaved Therefore they become candidates for
Colour of their skin came to justify their slavery ancient times slaves were all colours
During this era, there were no slaves in Britain just partook in trade
Britain have very little contact with Africans
Key linkage labour shortage and race
Africans move to an automatic slave status
Africans became chattel (property)
End of 17th clear a distinct is being made between slaves and white servants
Servant = humans, slave does not = human
Bottom line why would you destroy your own property?
Colonial Era
Still imported slaves directly from Africa
They have been seasoned in the west indies
They usually came from the west coast of Africa
1st stage person would not be enslaved by white ppl originally but by blacks
Marched to the coast and sold to whites on the coast (typical)
2nd stage then sold to whites packed on ships didn’t want them to die
Southerners NOT selling slaves
Some of the ppl realized what was going on ppl jumped off the ship
3rd stage End up in the sugar island or the southern colonies
No one speaks the same language
Put on sale in a slave market
Inspected, bid on, auctioned and sold
Takes place over 4 or 5 months
Climatization problem
Estimated before end of slave trade 427,000 africans
50,000 illegally smuggled in after…
Why was there so few deaths in the souther colonies?
Portuguese in Brazil worked slaves to death
In NA majority of Africans arrive in 1730-1760
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