Plantation Nexus Cont sept 28.doc

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22 Mar 2012
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Plantation Nexus Cont
This is a crop of the low country South Carolina originally
Will spread into Georgia
Continued into the 19th century but is not grown there anymore
Rice cannot leave the coast just by the nature of its cultivation it will not move west
Rivers are crucial major engineering feat
Need tides butt cannot allow the salt to get in
Location of some of the richest plantations
One of the plantations have over 500 slaves
No hydraulic equipment hoe and sickle
Learned the cultivation from black African slaves
Lots of labour required ==? This labour is the worst ( ex building carols in waist deep
water with poisonous snakes and horrid heat)
Mosquitos carried diseases malaria and yellow fever
Seemed to whites was that the balks survived the rice areas better then whites
Blacks had sickle cell (anemia) made you resistant to the malaria and yellow fever
Rice cannot be grown on a mom& pop op
Hoe the land (underwater)
Harvest Sickle
Milling of the rice separate the husk very carefully
By 1850 you have commercial mills
Rice never went into a boom in the 19th cent
South carolina becomes less profitable
Sugar cane
Geographically contained river systems important
Need certain climatic conditions
Growing system and lots of rain impossible above 31st parallel
Big sugar crops are in the west indies
Worst problem early frost crop is gone
Frantic harvesting occurs
Florida grows sugar but is a later development
Sugar grown in south Louisiana
96% of sugar crop grew in Louisiana wanted tariffs on inter. Sugar
1790s Etienne bare idea of opening a sugar plantation 1st profitable sugar plantation in
the south
Turn the juice and granulate it into sugar
1802 6 million pounds of sugar produced
Mid 1820 -> wou5h Louisiana producing 30 million lbs.
Sugar barons sugar plantation owners
Need ditches, levee and dykes but not as bad as rice
By product molasses staples of poor white southerners
1822 begin to get steam power. In the processing
1854 75% using steam power
Not for export sold in US only
Sugar prices fluctuated 1850s prices are very high
Indigo (Not major)
Production of indigo stops after the rev.
Britain subsidized therefore after the rev the wont
Perfectly in dispersed w/ rice in the low country no competition
Indigo is a blue dye Britain Wanted it for textile
Grown on relatively dry ground Indigo
Idea associate crop with rice