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Lecture

9. Constitutional Monarchy.doc


Department
History
Course Code
HIS 1401E
Professor
Prof

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Constitutional Monarchy
Liberal revolution of the monarchy
Liberty equality and fraternity
There was a division of seating between those in favour of the revolution and those against.
That’s where we get right wing and left wing in our government
Reform of the church and state
Constituent assembly had three major issues to deal with
The financial crisis and the creation of a new tax system
Create new political institutions based on popular rule
And deal with the remaining issues of the seigniorial system
Financial Crisis
Nov 1789 church lands seized and sold
Give out paper money
Nobility and Clergy taxed
They try to make a new tax system
New institutions constitutional monarchy
Active and passive citizens (both have the same rights)
Only active citizens could vote (men who give three days worth of pay in taxes to
be an active citizen)
Property qualification to become an elector and take part of the legislative assembly
Electors decide who are going to be the deputies in legislation
You buy your way out of your feudal dues
But they flat out refuse
Old provinces are replaced by departments
Local governments are given more power and the same structure
Kind of overwhelming for smaller communities so there are a lot of problems
running the show
Civil rights granted to Protestants and Jews
Slavery is abolished
Judicial reform
Patriotism is encouraged by festivals and etc
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