7. The Roots of the French Revolution.doc
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The Roots of the French Revolution
•How did the French Revolution begin? What were its origins and causes?
•What course or courses did the revolution follow?
•What did it achieve? Or fail to achieve?
•How did it end?
•What has been its legacy?
What is a revolution?
•Revolution is a successful challenge to established political authority
•Growth of the Bourgeoisie
•Enlightenment challenge to authority
•Agricultural Crisis Nobility revived old feudal dues
•Financial Crisis Monarchy on the edge of bankruptcy Inefficient tax system
Louis XV (R. 1715-1774)
•Timid and ineffective administrator
Louis XVI (R. 1774-1792)
•Preferred tinkering with watches and clocks to governing
•Unpopular wife of Louis XVI
•Diamond Necklace Affair
Countdown to Revolution:
Crown V.S the Nobility
•Centers of noble resistance to the crown
Assembly of Notables(1786)
•Medieval French equivalent of the English Parliament
•To be convened in May 1789
The Third Estate
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