Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
Western (60,000)
HIS (2,000)
HIS 1401E (300)
Lecture 8

History 1401E Lecture 8: Women in History (Europe)


Department
History
Course Code
HIS 1401E
Professor
Eli Nathans
Lecture
8

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Wednesday, January 6, 2016
History Lecture
Women
-Women’s Movements in the 19th century
Initial highpoint of 1848, women attempted and fail to achieve greater social and
political rights
-Les Voix des Femmes, Die Frauenzeitung, Seneca Falls Convention, July 1848
-equal wages, opportunity to launch divorce proceedings, allowed to be sued and
sue, women did not entirely rely on their husbands after 1848 (although they still
largely did)
husband was controlling figure in marriage — control to men in regards to children
if there were divorce
-1848 revolution CRUSHED the women’s movement
newspapers no longer allowed to publish women in politics — (until 1881)
desire for equal rights opposed by the conservatives
-claiming that women were inferior to men, bringing about a MATHEMATICAL
FORMULA FOR IT
-women’s rights to engage in politics were strongly restricted — 1808
traditional different cultures
-Germany — general goal of women’s groups was not the right to vote but the
ability to exercise women’s traditional roles // what women should be like // post
WWI women gained the right to vote in Europe
-1870s — women’s rights movement began to gain international notoriety
-GOALS OF THE WOMEN’S RIGHTS MOVEMENT
mostly middle class // access to education, professional opportunities, creating an
alternative to marriage
-if you remain single at this point, it was considered despicable and you were
shamed, often meant poverty
girls often looked at their brothers when developing women’s rights
Industrial Revolution had created jobs for women in some areas (textiles)
farm hands — farmed vegetables, small animals
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