History 1401E Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Minister Of The Crown, Early Modern Europe, Bourgeoisie

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Published on 27 May 2016
School
Western University
Department
History
Course
History 1401E
Monday, September 21, 2015
History Lecture (Sept 21)
Old Regime Social Structures
A society of “Orders” or “Estates”
-wealth was not the key determining factor in social structure
classified people according to their status
-birth, occupation
The Three Orders
-Clergy
members of the church
most of Europe only had room for one church that was formally recognized and
acknowledged as the 1st estate
rich, powerful
rich in real estate, tax exemption
able to collect their own tax — tithe
power of the church was based on wealth, among other aspects of life:
-control of education, connections to the state, importance of religion to the
early modern life — religion was very important to most people in early
modern Europe
-religion — acceptance of social inequalities, etc
-presence of religion in European cities — huge clocks, churches in centres
of cities, etc
-Nobility
either had to be born noble or granted nobility by the ruling monarch
granted noble from service to the king, military service
nobility could be given as a reward for service to the crown — ministers —
descendants get to keep this status
gave you several tax exemptions
1
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