History 1401E Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Middle Ages

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Published on 16 Aug 2016
Department
SEPTEMBER 16 2015 LECTURE
THE EUROPEAN DYNASTIC ORDER
1. Forms of State
a. The European Map
b. Dynasties
c. “Absolutism” or “absolutism”
2. Affairs of the State: Concerns of the Government
a. International Relations
b. Police and Justice
c. Fiscal Systems
d. Administrative Capabilities
It is history that defines Europe, not geography as it is not a landmass by itself
(connected to Asia and Africa); it is a small part of a much larger landmass
Europe is a rather small continent; it is at the same time as open and it is
fractured; the openness is due to the water that surrounds and runs through the
continent which is beneficial for trade but the south western portion of the
continent is covered in mountain ranges which leads to it being fractured
While it is still open to the movement of ideas, the different cultures are isolated
from one another
The map of Europe is very diverse; even throughout the different countries, there
are many different languages and dialects spoken
It is possible to argue that diversity has led to competition, conflict and different
intellectual ideas
Older versions of the map of Europe also show the diversity of the physical
shape of the states within the continent (even today, the map keeps changing);
central Europe used to be divided into dozens of smaller states (Italy and
Germany before unification)
Most European states were ruled by a monarch and the majority of those
monarchs were men; there were a few republics that were run by an oligarchy
Rulers ruled over landmasses that had been accumulated over time; the
populations were very diverse and the majority of the people did not speak the
same language; a state was what a ruler rules; it was not nationalism, religion or
language that connected the people but the fact that they had the same leader
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Document Summary

The european dynastic order: forms of state, the european map, dynasties c. Absolutism or absolutism : affairs of the state: concerns of the government a. International relations: police and justice, fiscal systems, administrative capabilities. It is history that defines europe, not geography as it is not a landmass by itself (connected to asia and africa); it is a small part of a much larger landmass. While it is still open to the movement of ideas, the different cultures are isolated from one another. The map of europe is very diverse; even throughout the different countries, there are many different languages and dialects spoken. It is possible to argue that diversity has led to competition, conflict and different intellectual ideas. Most european states were ruled by a monarch and the majority of those monarchs were men; there were a few republics that were run by an oligarchy.

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