History 1401E Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Antireligion, Age Of Enlightenment, The Roots

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SEPTEMBER 30 2015 LECTURE
PEACE AND WAR IN THE 18TH CENTURY
The Impact of the Enlightenment on Religion
1. Limited Warfare
a. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1713)
b. War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748)
c. The Seven Years’ War (1756-1763)
d. War of the Bavarian Succession (1778)
2. The Roots of War
3. The Tools of War
4. The Costs of War
The enlightenment and religion are two conflicting situations
oTension between the leaders of each
Need to start with the understanding that, before the early modern age, the
European way of thinking had been of a religious nature
oIn the Middle Ages, the study of nature was a way in which one could
understand the way in which God made the world
oThe study of government was the way in which God wanted the world to
function
oChristian teachings taught people how to behave in society
Until the early modern age, religion held all the answers to all the questions
oThe answers had to be compatible with religion
There came about a time when people began to think that religious teachings
were not at the root of all knowledge
oNature could be understood without references to God
oBegan to realize that European societies did not mirror the societies in the
Bible
oBegan to realize that human reason could distinguish between good and
bad
oPeople could think about the world beyond Christian teachings
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