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Lecture 6

History 1401E Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Treaties Of The European Union, Montesquieu, Age Of Enlightenment


Department
History
Course Code
HIS 1401E
Professor
Pierre Reynard
Lecture
6

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OCTOBER 5 2015 LECTURE
ENLIGHTENED ABSOLUTISM
1. Enlightened Challenges to European Political Structures
2. Enlightened Political Thought
a. Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679): Leviathan (1651)
b. John Locke (1632-1704): Two Treaties of Government (1690)
c. Montesquieu (1689-1755): The Spirit of Laws (1748)
d. Rousseau (1712-1778): The Social Contract (1762)
3. The Enlightenment and European Rulers
a. Enlightened Despotism
b. Utilitarianism
The enlightenment turned European minds towards believing that they could
understand the world around them in depth and that they could improve their
world
There was a lot of tension during this time
oReligion and the philosophes
oThe state and enlightened ideas
The enlightenment did not cause the revolutions but it did make the revolutions
possible
oIt shaped this desire for change for the better
Enlightened Challenges to European Political Structure
Before the revolutions, Europe was not a static society
oMany of the places in Europe had many problems and issues
oThere were also dynamic people scattered all throughout Europe
The enlightenment favoured a through questioning of many of the European
states
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