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Lecture 11

History 1401E Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Dismantled, Major Force, Georges Couthon

Course Code
HIS 1401E
Pierre Reynard

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THE TERROR (1793-1794)
1. Fall of the Monarchy – First Republic (September 21 1792)
2. War and Terror (1792 to July 1794)
a. Louis XVI guillotined January 1793
b. The Committee (12 members)
c. Maximillian Robespierre (1758-1794)
d. Danton (1759-1794)
e. Saint-Just (1767-1794)
f. Couthon (1755-1794)
g. The Jacobins, The Montagnards, The Sans-Culottes
3. End of Terror: Thermidor and the Thermidorian Reaction
Fall of the Monarchy – First Republic (September 21 1792)
The process of inflation was damaged due to the depreciation of paper money
Some people believed that violence would make its way into politics
oViolence to make changes
oViolence to get things back to the way that they were
It is always difficult to end a revolution
oCreate stability after so much violence
By the summer of 1792, French armies were retreating
oThey had been reconfigured by the revolution and the new configuration
did not work
oThey were not in a position to resist the revolution
oOther nations armies began to enter French territory
This led to tensions rising to the point where they were not in a
place to be controlled
The people of Paris attacked the palace but the royal family was
able to seek refuge with the national assembly
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