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HIS 1401E (300)
Lecture 1

History 1401E Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Fronde


Department
History
Course Code
HIS 1401E
Professor
Brock Millman
Lecture
1

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AmapofEuropein1715issoforeigntousit’slikestudyinganotherworldentirely. 
FirsttermwillfocusontheFrenchRevolutionandtheIndustrialRevolution. 
Whataresomeofthemaindifferencesbetweenthismapandtoday’smap?
TheexistenceofvariousregionssuchastheOttomanEmpireandtheHolyRomanEmpire
The(somewhat)nonexistenceofvariousmodernregionssuchasGermanyandUkraine
ThenonunificationofvariousregionssuchasItalyandGermany
ThevastbreadthofvariousregionssuchasSpain,Sweden,andPoland
TheindependanceofvariousregionssuchasCrimea
17thcenturyFrenchpatternsbecomeEuropeannorm:
Establishmentofstates
Establishmentofeffectivestatesovereignty
Aneliminationofbarriers,rigidities,exceptions,andcapitulationswithinthestate
Efficientadministrationwiththepurposeofpeaceathomeandwarabroad
TheReformationandcounterReformationoccur,bringingreligioninasanotherpoliticallayer
Habsburghegemonicempire
Francehasbeenthemostsuccessfulinfindingtheanswers;RichelieuandMazarin,LouisXIV
BourbonFrance
Themostpowerfulstateatthistime
Patterns:
RoyalAbsolutism
ReductionofNobilitytoService
EstablishmentofCatholicismasstatereligion
Governmentbyadministration
StatistIntervention
Highlyefficientmilitaryarrangement
Frenchcentury
MajorEvents:
AscensionofLouisXIV,1654
Fronde,16481653
RevocationofEdictofNantes,1661
DominanceofColbert,16651683
WaroftheLeagueofAugsburg,1688
WarofSpanishSuccession,1702
TreatyofUtrecht,1713
Franceisthemostcentralizedandmostpopulousnationatthetimewith21millionpeopleratherthan6millionin
England,30millionintheOttomanEmpire,14millioninRussia,5millioninSpain,8millioninPoland&Lithuania,
and2.8millioninIreland.
ButFranceisnotyetfullyunified;therearedifferenttaxzonesthroughoutFrance. 
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