1759: attempt by the british trader james flint. Negative effects of population growth: fall in standard of living, female infanticide, trafficking of women, unemployed males (farms are sold, not enough land to cultivate) Banner men no longer effective in war, but cannot be disbanded (too closely tied to. Chronic shortage of revenues: solution: frugality cut costs, but there are too many people to cut costs. Poverty increases which causes a faster decline. Balance of trade between the british and the chinese. Britain bought too many goods form china and lacked money to fund their military and to buy tea, in order to gain revenue the british sold opium to china. 1729: 200 chests (1 chest = 133 pounds) Leads to increase in price of silver. The british sold so much opium to china that the britain were selling more opium than they were buying tea. The british received chinese gold and silver.