1514 the first portuguese trading ships put in at guangzhou. Porcelain (european can not get the porcelain this white and thin) Foreigners forbidden to enter the city of guangzhou. First imported to england in the late 17th century. 1720: 400,000 pounds (considered a necessity of english life) 1800: 23 million pounds of chinese tea purchased for 3. 6 million. Early 19th century 30 million pounds were imported. Create a desire for british products (in order to trade for tea) Limited trade in clock, music boxes, and british curios. British imports into china covered only 10% pt less of the cost of exports. How (cid:373)a(cid:374)y of chi(cid:374)a"s pro(cid:271)le(cid:373)s (cid:272)a(cid:373)e fro(cid:373) withi(cid:374) a(cid:374)d how (cid:373)a(cid:374)y fro(cid:373) outside forces? (cid:862)the traditional chinese view of population increase was positive: growth was a sign of pea(cid:272)e(cid:863) Bannermen no longer effective in war, but cannot be disbanded. 1729: 1month of the cangue, exile into military. Foreign merchants, driven by huge profits, are determined to continue smuggling opium.