History 1601E Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Taejo Of Joseon, Aristocracy, Chungin

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October 29, 2019
HIS1601E LECTURE 9- KORYO AND JOSEON KOREA
KORYO KOREA
Mongol Rule: 1260-1351
- 1231: Mongols invade Korea and Goryeo falls.
- Kublai Khan did not impose direct rule over most of Goryeo
- Leaves Koreans to govern themselves.
Intermarriage
- Intermarriage between Korean royal family and Mongol imperial family
- Korean prince married Kublai’s daughter
- By marrying their daughters to Korean kings the Mongols legitimize their rule
- Koryo leaders and princes spend years in the Yuan capital
- introduced to mongol culture, reducing korean identity
- Aristocracy become mongolized in culture (Not possible in China as there were too
many chinese)
- But, if any korean kings/royal family did not adopt Mongol culture, they would be placed
under house arrest.
Bureaucracy
- As in China, the Mongols used individuals from central China to help run government.
- Government reorganized to make koreans subservient to Mongols.
End of the Koryo
- Mongol power wanes with the outbreak of rebellions in China
- Anti-Mongol Ming forces enter Korea.
JOSEON/YI KOREA 1392-1910
Yi Song-gye
- establishes tributary relations with Ming China, receiving from the Ming court the name
of Choson.
Tributary relationship with Ming China
- tribute missions sent to China once every 3 years, increased to three times a year
- Central govt. closely parallel that of Ming China
1395
- Ming criminal code adopted.
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